Risk of Chlamydia trachomatis infection during pregnancy: Effectiveness of guidelines-based screening in identifying cases

M. F. Silveira, E. J. Erbelding, K. G. Ghanem, H. L. Johnson, A. E. Burke, J. M. Zenilman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Our goal was to define the risk factors for Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) infection among pregnant women at a large urban medical centre. In a retrospective study, clinical records at a US maternity unit from July 2005 through February 2008 were reviewed. The study population included all pregnant women with a singleton newborn of at least 20 weeks gestation and antenatal care information. Logistic regression was used to analyse the association between a positive CT test and demographic, behavioural and prenatal care variables. A total of 2127 women were included in this analysis. The prevalence of CT infection was 4.7%. Cases were more likely to be younger, black and single. Other risk factors included tobacco use and Neisseria gonorrhoeae infection. Our findings suggest that factors other than age may impact upon the diagnosis of CT in pregnant women and that a more comprehensive testing strategy should be considered.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)367-370
Number of pages4
JournalInternational Journal of STD and AIDS
Volume21
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2010

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Keywords

  • Chlamydia
  • Genital infections
  • Pregnancy
  • Risk factors
  • Screening

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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