Risk factors for uterine leiomyoma: A practice-based case-controls study. II. Atherogenic risk factors and potential sources of uterine irritation

Eduardo Faerstein, Moyses Szklo, Neil B. Rosenshein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In this case-control study, the authors analyzed associations of uterine leiomyoma with atherogenic risk factors and potential sources of uterine irritation. The study included 318 case women with uterine leiomyoma that was first confirmed between 1990 and 1993 in the Baltimore, Maryland, area and 394 controls selected from women visiting the same gynecologists' offices for routine reasons. Telephone interviews were conducted with 77.8% of eligible cases and 78.0% of eligible controls. Compared with participants with no hypertension history, increased risks were observed among participants with any history of hypertension (odds ratio (OR) = 1.7; 95% confidence interval (Cl): 1.0, 2.8), hypertension requiring medication (OR = 2.1; 95% Cl: 1.1, 4.1), hypertension diagnosed at ages less than 35 years (for hypertension requiring medication, OR = 2.7; 95% Cl: 1.0, 7.6), and hypertension of 5 or more years' duration (for hypertension requiring medication, OR = 3.1; 95% Cl: 1.2, 8.2). Estimates of associations with diabetes history were very imprecise but followed similar patterns. Adjusted associations were observed with pelvic inflammatory disease (three or more episodes vs. none: OR = 3.7; 95% Cl: 0.9, 15.9), chlamydial infection (history vs. no history: OR = 3.2; 95% Cl: 0.8, 13.7), and use of an intrauterine device when it caused infectious complications (use vs. no use: OR = 5.3; 95% Cl: 1.8, 16.3). Risk of uterine leiomyoma was also associated in a graded fashion with frequency of perineal talc use (daily use vs. no use: OR = 2.2; 95% Cl: 1.4, 3.1). The authors conclude that nonhormonal factors may influence risk of uterine leiomyoma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11-19
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican journal of epidemiology
Volume153
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2001

Keywords

  • Adnexitis
  • Case-control studies
  • Hypertension
  • Intrauterine devices
  • Irritants
  • Leiomyoma
  • Risk factors
  • Uterine diseases

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology

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