Risk Factors for Self-injurious Behavior in an Inpatient Psychiatric Sample of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Naturalistic Observation Study

The Autism And Developmental Disorders Inpatient Research Collaborative (Addirc)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Limited information about self-injurious behavior (SIB) is known for children and adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) who require intensive behavioral health interventions. We examined risk-factors for SIB in 302 individuals with ASD (ages 4–20) admitted to six specialized psychiatric inpatient units. Seventy-four percent were reported by a caregiver to display SIB, however, only 25% were observed to engage in daily SIB during hospitalization. Those exhibiting SIB across environments had significantly higher ratings on caregiver questionnaires of SIB severity. Tree-structured classification was used to develop and validate two predictive models, one indicating which inpatient youth with ASD are likely to have SIB and a second indicating which individuals with SIB at home are likely to continue in an inpatient setting.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3678-3688
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Volume48
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2018

Keywords

  • Autism Inpatient Collection (AIC)
  • Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)
  • Psychiatric hospitalization
  • Self-injurious behavior (SIB)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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