An understanding of the factors that place the posttransplant patient at increased risk for sinusitis would help identify patients likely to develop disease and possibly allow for interventions that would decrease the incidence or severity of sinus disease. This retrospective study investigates the ability of screening paranasal sinus computed tomographic scans (CTs), clinical history, and potential risk factors for sinusitis, including history of tobacco use, history of allergies or asthma, IgG level, history of sinusitis, remission status and acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) to predict post-transplant sinusitis. Medical records and sinus CTs of 100 allogeneic bone marrow recipients were reviewed. There was no increased risk of developing sinusitis post SCT for patients with significant disease on screening CT, symptoms at time of transplant, a history of tobacco use, asthma or allergies, low IgG level, history of sinusitis or for patients at high risk of relapse. Patients with GVHD were 4.3 times more likely than patients without GVHD to develop sinusitis post transplant (95% CI: 1.7-11.0, P = 0.002). Acute GVHD places patients at greater risk of developing sinus infections.
- Stem cell transplant
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