Risk factors for illness absence due to musculoskeletal disorders in a 4-year prospective study of a petroleum-manufacturing population

Shan P. Tsai, Faiyaz A. Bhojani, Judy K. Wendt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: To quantify risk factors for nonoccupational absence from musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) among petroleum-manufacturing employees. Methods: We conducted a 4-year follow-up study including 860 employees with an MSD illness absence of 4 days or longer and 5691 employees with no MSD absence. Odds ratios were calculated using logistic regression. Results: Risk of MSD absence from low back and non-low back disorders was significantly associated with physically demanding job, overweight/obesity, prior absence from MSD, and absence from cardiovascular, respiratory, or mental illness, or accidents during the study period. Smoking also increased risk of low back disorders. Conclusions: Results suggest it is possible to reduce the impact of MSD through integrated safety prevention and health promotion programs including traditional elements of job factor evaluation, training, and ergonomics, but also health counseling and support for weight reduction, smoking cessation, and personal fitness programs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)434-440
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Volume53
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2011
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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