Risk Factors for Complications, Longer Hospital Stay, and Readmission After Total Ankle Arthroplasty

Matthew J. Best, Son Nguyen, Babar Shafiq, James R. Ficke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Studies have shown conflicting results regarding associations of preoperative comorbidities with outcomes after total ankle arthroplasty (TAA). Our aim was to analyze preoperative risk factors for complications, longer hospital stay, and readmission within 30 days after TAA. Methods: We conducted a retrospective study using the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database. We included 294 patients who underwent TAA from 2009 through 2012. We used multivariate logistic regression to identify risk factors for complications, longer hospital stay, and hospital readmission. Results: Surgical site infection was the most common complication. Diabetes was associated with greater odds of complications as was current smoker status. Notably, obesity was not associated with greater odds of complications. Age, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and diabetes mellitus were associated with longer hospital stays. Surgical site infection was the most common reason for hospital readmission. Conclusions: TAA has a low complication rate, with surgical site infection being the most common complication and the most common reason for hospital readmission. Patients with diabetes have greater odds of poor outcomes and prolonged hospital stays after TAA than patients without diabetes. Obesity was not associated with poor outcomes after TAA. Levels of Evidence: Level III

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalFoot and Ankle Specialist
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2020

Keywords

  • complications
  • diabetes mellitus
  • obesity
  • readmission
  • total ankle arthroplasty
  • total ankle replacement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Podiatry
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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