Risk factors for community violence exposure in adolescence

Sharon F. Lambert, Nicholas S. Ialongo, Rhonda C. Boyd, Michele R. Cooley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Community violence is recognized a significant public health problem. However, only a paucity of research has examined risk factors for community violence exposure across domains relevant to adolescents or using longitudinal data. This study examined youth aggressive behavior in relation to community violence exposure among a community epidemiologically defined sample of 582 (45% female) urban adolescents. Internalizing behaviors, deviant peer affiliation, and parental monitoring were examined as moderators of the association between aggressive behavior and exposure to community violence. For males with aggressive behavior problems and deviant peer affiliation or low parental monitoring, co-occurring anxiety symptoms protected against subsequent witnessing community violence. In contrast, males with aggressive behavior problems and co-occurring depressive symptoms were at increased risk for witnessing community violence. Implications of the findings for preventive interventions and future research are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)29-48
Number of pages20
JournalAmerican Journal of Community Psychology
Volume36
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2005

Keywords

  • Adolescence
  • Aggression
  • Community violence exposure
  • Deviant peer affiliation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Applied Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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