Risk factors for cholera transmission in Haiti during inter-peak periods: Insights to improve current control strategies from two case-control studies

F. Grandesso, M. Allan, P. S J Jean-Simon, J. Boncy, A. Blake, R. Pierre, K. P. Alberti, A. Munger, G. Elder, D. Olson, K. Porten, F. J. Luquero

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Two community-based density case-control studies were performed to assess risk factors for cholera transmission during inter-peak periods of the ongoing epidemic in two Haitian urban settings, Gonaives and Carrefour. The strongest associations were: close contact with cholera patients (sharing latrines, visiting cholera patients, helping someone with diarrhoea), eating food from street vendors and washing dishes with untreated water. Protective factors were: drinking chlorinated water, receiving prevention messages via television, church or training sessions, and high household socioeconomic level. These findings suggest that, in addition to contaminated water, factors related to direct and indirect inter-human contact play an important role in cholera transmission during inter-peak periods. In order to reduce cholera transmission in Haiti intensive preventive measures such as hygiene promotion and awareness campaigns should be implemented during inter-peak lulls, when prevention activities are typically scaled back.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1625-1635
Number of pages11
JournalEpidemiology and Infection
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes



  • Cholera
  • endemic
  • epidemic
  • Haiti
  • prevention
  • risk factors
  • transmission
  • Vibrio cholerae

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Epidemiology

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