The purpose of this study was to determine risk factors for 30-day complications, reoperation, and readmission after ostomy reversal in infants less than six months old. Infants aged two weeks to six months who underwent ostomy reversal were identified in the 2012 to 2016 ACS NSQIP Pediatric database. Demographics, comorbidities, and 30-day outcomes were assessed. Multivariable logistic regression was used to estimate the independent effects of clinical variables on risk of 30-day complications, reoperation, and readmission. Among 1021 infants, 163 (16%) suffered a 30-day complication. SSIs were the most common complication (5.7%), followed by unplanned reintubation (5.2%) and bleeding (3%). Mortality was 0.4 per cent. Dependence on nutritional support and hematologic disorders were independently associated with postoperative complications. Forty-five children (4.4%) required reoperation and 22 (2.2%) were readmitted for conditions related to the procedure. Younger age and preoperative dependence on oxygen or nutritional support were associated with increased length of stay. SSI, unplanned reintubation, and bleeding are the most frequent complications after ostomy takedown in infants less than six months old. Attention to risk factors predisposing to these complications, including dependence on nutritional support and hematologic disorders, may contribute to improved surgical outcomes.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|State||Published - 2019|
ASJC Scopus subject areas