Risk factors and cumulative incidence of anaemia among human immunodeficiency virus-infected children in Uganda

T. D. Clark, F. Mmiro, C. Ndugwa, R. T. Perry, J. B. Jackson, G. Melikian, R. D. Semba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Anaemia has not been well characterised among HIV-infected children in sub-Saharan Africa. Baseline prevalence and cumulative incidence of anaemia (haemoglobin < 110 g/L) were 91.7% and 100% and, for moderate anaemia (haemoglobin < 90 g/L), were 35.1% and 58.4%, respectively, among 225 HIV-infected children followed from 9 to 36 months of age. Hospitalisation, suspected tuberculosis, malaria and height-for-age Z-score < - 2 were significantly associated with moderate anaemia. Moderate anaemia and weight-for-height Z-score < - 2 were associated with mortality. Anaemia is common and associated with increased mortality in HIV-infected children.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11-17
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of tropical paediatrics
Volume22
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 3 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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