Risk and protective factors for HIV among orphans and non-orphans in Tanzania

Kristin N Mmari, Annie Michaelis, Kagemlo Kiro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The objectives of this study were to identify risk and protective factors for engaging in unsafe sex among orphans and non-orphans and to explore whether risk and protection differs by gender and orphan status. The study was carried out in Kisesa ward, in the Mwanza region of Northwest Tanzania. A combination of in-depth interviews and focus group discussions were used to collect data from girls and boys as well as from the female caregivers of orphans. Findings revealed that among young people who reported having unsafe sex, those who were female orphans were more likely to state that they 'had to have sex' to acquire food and clothing for their households. Caregivers believed that many young people who engage in sexual-risk behaviours do so because they are not provided with adequate supervision and moral guidance. The study suggests that programmes may need to target both girls and young women and their caregivers and create access to education and decent work opportunities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)799-809
Number of pages11
JournalCulture, Health and Sexuality
Volume11
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2009

Fingerprint

Orphaned Children
Tanzania
orphan
HIV
Caregivers
caregiver
Unsafe Sex
Clothing
Risk-Taking
clothing
Focus Groups
risk behavior
Sexual Behavior
group discussion
supervision
Interviews
food
Education
Food
Protective Factors

Keywords

  • HIV
  • Orphans
  • Protective factors
  • Risk
  • Tanzania

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health(social science)
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Risk and protective factors for HIV among orphans and non-orphans in Tanzania. / Mmari, Kristin N; Michaelis, Annie; Kiro, Kagemlo.

In: Culture, Health and Sexuality, Vol. 11, No. 8, 11.2009, p. 799-809.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mmari, Kristin N ; Michaelis, Annie ; Kiro, Kagemlo. / Risk and protective factors for HIV among orphans and non-orphans in Tanzania. In: Culture, Health and Sexuality. 2009 ; Vol. 11, No. 8. pp. 799-809.
@article{6f6aeabbd86f4637b2ea4d6fcf54e05a,
title = "Risk and protective factors for HIV among orphans and non-orphans in Tanzania",
abstract = "The objectives of this study were to identify risk and protective factors for engaging in unsafe sex among orphans and non-orphans and to explore whether risk and protection differs by gender and orphan status. The study was carried out in Kisesa ward, in the Mwanza region of Northwest Tanzania. A combination of in-depth interviews and focus group discussions were used to collect data from girls and boys as well as from the female caregivers of orphans. Findings revealed that among young people who reported having unsafe sex, those who were female orphans were more likely to state that they 'had to have sex' to acquire food and clothing for their households. Caregivers believed that many young people who engage in sexual-risk behaviours do so because they are not provided with adequate supervision and moral guidance. The study suggests that programmes may need to target both girls and young women and their caregivers and create access to education and decent work opportunities.",
keywords = "HIV, Orphans, Protective factors, Risk, Tanzania",
author = "Mmari, {Kristin N} and Annie Michaelis and Kagemlo Kiro",
year = "2009",
month = "11",
doi = "10.1080/13691050902919085",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "11",
pages = "799--809",
journal = "Culture, Health and Sexuality",
issn = "1369-1058",
publisher = "Routledge",
number = "8",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Risk and protective factors for HIV among orphans and non-orphans in Tanzania

AU - Mmari, Kristin N

AU - Michaelis, Annie

AU - Kiro, Kagemlo

PY - 2009/11

Y1 - 2009/11

N2 - The objectives of this study were to identify risk and protective factors for engaging in unsafe sex among orphans and non-orphans and to explore whether risk and protection differs by gender and orphan status. The study was carried out in Kisesa ward, in the Mwanza region of Northwest Tanzania. A combination of in-depth interviews and focus group discussions were used to collect data from girls and boys as well as from the female caregivers of orphans. Findings revealed that among young people who reported having unsafe sex, those who were female orphans were more likely to state that they 'had to have sex' to acquire food and clothing for their households. Caregivers believed that many young people who engage in sexual-risk behaviours do so because they are not provided with adequate supervision and moral guidance. The study suggests that programmes may need to target both girls and young women and their caregivers and create access to education and decent work opportunities.

AB - The objectives of this study were to identify risk and protective factors for engaging in unsafe sex among orphans and non-orphans and to explore whether risk and protection differs by gender and orphan status. The study was carried out in Kisesa ward, in the Mwanza region of Northwest Tanzania. A combination of in-depth interviews and focus group discussions were used to collect data from girls and boys as well as from the female caregivers of orphans. Findings revealed that among young people who reported having unsafe sex, those who were female orphans were more likely to state that they 'had to have sex' to acquire food and clothing for their households. Caregivers believed that many young people who engage in sexual-risk behaviours do so because they are not provided with adequate supervision and moral guidance. The study suggests that programmes may need to target both girls and young women and their caregivers and create access to education and decent work opportunities.

KW - HIV

KW - Orphans

KW - Protective factors

KW - Risk

KW - Tanzania

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=74949097691&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=74949097691&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/13691050902919085

DO - 10.1080/13691050902919085

M3 - Article

C2 - 19499394

AN - SCOPUS:74949097691

VL - 11

SP - 799

EP - 809

JO - Culture, Health and Sexuality

JF - Culture, Health and Sexuality

SN - 1369-1058

IS - 8

ER -