Thirteen patients with severe Paget's disease of bone [mean serum alkaline phosphatase (SAP) level 17 times the upper limit of normal] were treated with 30 mg oral risedronate daily for 8 weeks. Patients were followed for 16 weeks without treatment. The change from baseline SAP was the primary end point. Those patients whose SAP levels did not reach the normal range were retreated with 30 mg for another 8 weeks. There was a mean percent decrease in SAP of 77% after the first course of risedronate treatment and 87% after the second course of treatment. All patients who completed the study had a decrease in SAP of at least 77% from the baseline. The urinary hydroxyproline/creatinine level was decreased by 64% and 79%, respectively, during the first and second treatment courses. There were transient asymptomatic decreases in serum calcium and phosphorus levels. The urinary calcium/creatinine ratio also decreased in these patients. Serum intact PTH and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D levels increased transiently during risedronate treatment. Oral risedronate was well tolerated by the patients. Only one patient discontinued treatment because of an adverse event (diarrhea) thought to be related to risedronate therapy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Biochemistry, medical