Rigid External Le Fort I Distraction Followed by Secondary Bone Grafting for Maxillary Advancements in Patients With Cleft Lip and Palate

William Tobolowsky, Pranjal Gupta, Joseph Lopez, Regina Cho, Gerhard S. Mundinger, Robin Yang, Anthony P. Tufaro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Maxillary hypoplasia after cleft lip and palate (CLP) repair can result in significant functional and aesthetic impairments. Le Fort I osteotomy & advancement and Le Fort I distraction osteogenesis are standard treatment options for individuals with CLP-associated midface retrusion. However, both of these modalities continue to be associated with a high relapse rate. This study describes surgical outcomes of a 2-stage technique utilizing distraction osteogenesis combined with bone grafting and rigid fixation, which may optimize skeletal stability by reducing relapse. METHODS: A retrospective review of CLP patients with severe maxillary hypoplasia evaluated by a single surgeon from 2003 to 2014 was performed. Twenty-one subjects were identified that underwent maxillary advancement via a 2-stage technique: (1) Le Fort I external rigid distraction using a HALO device, followed by (2) autologous iliac crest bone graft application and plate-fixation. Post-operative cephalograms were taken on average 1-year following surgery. RESULTS: Twelve subjects met the inclusion/exclusion criteria. A distraction rate of 1 mm/day was achieved with an average of 14 mm of maxillary advancement. Average increase in SNA was +9.03°, with an increase from 71.84° to 80.88° (normal = 82.0°, P value <0.0001), with no significant change in SNB, and a +9.63° change in ANB from -7.76° to 1.88° (normal = 1.6°, P value <0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: The described 2-step procedure had similar cephalometric improvements as compared to distraction osteogenesis alone. However, successive bone grafting and rigid fixation as a second procedure may help ameliorate relapse risk and optimize the correction of maxillary hypoplasia in susceptible populations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1974-1978
Number of pages5
JournalThe Journal of craniofacial surgery
Volume30
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2019

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Distraction Osteogenesis
Bone Transplantation
Cleft Lip
Cleft Palate
Recurrence
Cephalometry
Le Fort Osteotomy
Esthetics
Transplants
Bone and Bones
Equipment and Supplies
Population
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology

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Rigid External Le Fort I Distraction Followed by Secondary Bone Grafting for Maxillary Advancements in Patients With Cleft Lip and Palate. / Tobolowsky, William; Gupta, Pranjal; Lopez, Joseph; Cho, Regina; Mundinger, Gerhard S.; Yang, Robin; Tufaro, Anthony P.

In: The Journal of craniofacial surgery, Vol. 30, No. 7, 01.10.2019, p. 1974-1978.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tobolowsky, William ; Gupta, Pranjal ; Lopez, Joseph ; Cho, Regina ; Mundinger, Gerhard S. ; Yang, Robin ; Tufaro, Anthony P. / Rigid External Le Fort I Distraction Followed by Secondary Bone Grafting for Maxillary Advancements in Patients With Cleft Lip and Palate. In: The Journal of craniofacial surgery. 2019 ; Vol. 30, No. 7. pp. 1974-1978.
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N2 - INTRODUCTION: Maxillary hypoplasia after cleft lip and palate (CLP) repair can result in significant functional and aesthetic impairments. Le Fort I osteotomy & advancement and Le Fort I distraction osteogenesis are standard treatment options for individuals with CLP-associated midface retrusion. However, both of these modalities continue to be associated with a high relapse rate. This study describes surgical outcomes of a 2-stage technique utilizing distraction osteogenesis combined with bone grafting and rigid fixation, which may optimize skeletal stability by reducing relapse. METHODS: A retrospective review of CLP patients with severe maxillary hypoplasia evaluated by a single surgeon from 2003 to 2014 was performed. Twenty-one subjects were identified that underwent maxillary advancement via a 2-stage technique: (1) Le Fort I external rigid distraction using a HALO device, followed by (2) autologous iliac crest bone graft application and plate-fixation. Post-operative cephalograms were taken on average 1-year following surgery. RESULTS: Twelve subjects met the inclusion/exclusion criteria. A distraction rate of 1 mm/day was achieved with an average of 14 mm of maxillary advancement. Average increase in SNA was +9.03°, with an increase from 71.84° to 80.88° (normal = 82.0°, P value <0.0001), with no significant change in SNB, and a +9.63° change in ANB from -7.76° to 1.88° (normal = 1.6°, P value <0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: The described 2-step procedure had similar cephalometric improvements as compared to distraction osteogenesis alone. However, successive bone grafting and rigid fixation as a second procedure may help ameliorate relapse risk and optimize the correction of maxillary hypoplasia in susceptible populations.

AB - INTRODUCTION: Maxillary hypoplasia after cleft lip and palate (CLP) repair can result in significant functional and aesthetic impairments. Le Fort I osteotomy & advancement and Le Fort I distraction osteogenesis are standard treatment options for individuals with CLP-associated midface retrusion. However, both of these modalities continue to be associated with a high relapse rate. This study describes surgical outcomes of a 2-stage technique utilizing distraction osteogenesis combined with bone grafting and rigid fixation, which may optimize skeletal stability by reducing relapse. METHODS: A retrospective review of CLP patients with severe maxillary hypoplasia evaluated by a single surgeon from 2003 to 2014 was performed. Twenty-one subjects were identified that underwent maxillary advancement via a 2-stage technique: (1) Le Fort I external rigid distraction using a HALO device, followed by (2) autologous iliac crest bone graft application and plate-fixation. Post-operative cephalograms were taken on average 1-year following surgery. RESULTS: Twelve subjects met the inclusion/exclusion criteria. A distraction rate of 1 mm/day was achieved with an average of 14 mm of maxillary advancement. Average increase in SNA was +9.03°, with an increase from 71.84° to 80.88° (normal = 82.0°, P value <0.0001), with no significant change in SNB, and a +9.63° change in ANB from -7.76° to 1.88° (normal = 1.6°, P value <0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: The described 2-step procedure had similar cephalometric improvements as compared to distraction osteogenesis alone. However, successive bone grafting and rigid fixation as a second procedure may help ameliorate relapse risk and optimize the correction of maxillary hypoplasia in susceptible populations.

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