Background. Increased right ventricular (RV) afterload results in RV hypertrophy and dysfunction, as well as increased levels of intracellular β-adrenergic receptor kinase (βARK1). We hypothesize that gene transfer of a βARK1 inhibitor (βARKct) may improve RV performance, morbidity, and mortality early after Pulmonary artery (PA) banding. Methods. Rabbits underwent PA banding 3 days after right coronary artery injection of an adenovirus containing the gene encoding the βARKct peptide (n = 14), β-galactosidase (n = 10), or an empty adenovirus (n = 19). After banding, hemodynamic instability and maximal rate of increase in right ventricular pressure (RV dP/dtmax) were documented. For 7 days after banding, animals were monitored for mortality, activity, and appetite. Results. When compared with controls, animals receiving the βARKct transgene showed improvement in survival at 7 days (92.8% ± 7% vs 48.3% ± 9%, p = 0.01), less lethargy, a trend toward greater RV dP/dtmax (NS), and increased hemodynamic stability at the time of banding (78% vs 41%, p = 0.03). Conclusions. Selective RV expression of βARKct improves survival and morbidity after PA banding. This represents a novel therapeutic modality for clinical situations involving increased RV afterload.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine