Right ventricular diastolic dysfunction and failure (RVDDF) has been increasingly identified in patients with cardiovascular diseases, including heart failure and other diseases with cardiac involvement. It is unknown whether RVDDF exists as a distinct clinical entity; however, its presence and degree have been shown to be a sensitive marker of end-organ dysfunction related to multiple disease processes including systemic hypertension, pulmonary hypertension, heart failure, and endocrine disease. In this manuscript, we review issues pertaining to RVDDF including anatomic features of the right ventricle, physiologic measurements, RVDDF diagnosis, underlying mechanisms, clinical impact, and clinical management. Several unique features of RVDDF are also discussed.
- Heart failure
- Right heart failure
- Right ventricular diastolic dysfunction
- Right ventricular diastolic failure
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine