Right ventricle shape and contraction patterns and relation to magnetic resonance imaging findings

Jan Fritz, Meiyappan Solaiyappan, Harikrishna Tandri, Chandra Bomma, Ahmet Genc, Claus D. Claussen, João A.C. Lima, David A. Bluemke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: To analyze and to describe the shape and contraction of the normal right ventricle (RV) as visualized by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Methods: Thirty normal volunteers were imaged using cine MRI in axial, short-axis, and long-axis planes. The shape and contraction of the RV were qualitatively evaluated. Quantitative evaluation of RV shape was performed by calculating the angle subtended between the planes of horizontal long-axis view (HLA) and axial view and the RV base-to-apex distance. Multiplanar reformation was used to visualize changes between corresponding views. Results: The spectrum of major RV shape (wedge, box, and round) was more variable on axial images (17%, 43%, and 23%, respectively) than on HLA images (63%, 20%, and 0%, respectively). Focal outpouching of the RV free wall was more frequent on the axial view than on the HLA view. The subtended plane angle and base-to-apex distance showed statistically significant dependence indicative of an artificially foreshortened RV in the axial view with a direct influence on RV variations. Conclusions: With increasing subtended angles, variation of the normal RV appearance is substantially higher on axial views compared with HLA views.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)725-733
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of computer assisted tomography
Volume29
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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