Right atrial pressure/pulmonary artery wedge pressure ratio: A more specific predictor of survival in pulmonary arterial hypertension

Wassim H. Fares, Lavanya Bellumkonda, Adriano R. Tonelli, Shannon S. Carson, Paul M. Hassoun, Terence K. Trow, Erica L. Herzog, Naftali Kaminski, Cyrus A. Kholdani, Lixia Zhang, Yi Zhou, Jeffrey P. Hammel, Raed A. Dweik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Background Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a progressive, fatal disease. Current prognostic models are not ideal, and identifying more accurate prognostic variables is needed. The objective of this study was to evaluate the relative prognostic value of the right atrial pressure/pulmonary artery wedge pressure (RAP/PAWP) ratio in PAH patients. We hypothesized that the RAP/PAWP ratio is more predictive of survival than any of the other measured or calculated hemodynamic variables. Methods We performed a secondary analysis of a PAH cohort (Cohort 1) and validated our results in a separate cohort (Cohort 2). Cohort 1 included primarily patients enrolled in prospective, short-term, randomized clinical trials and subsequently followed long term. Cohort 2 included patients prospectively enrolled in a PAH registry at a tertiary PAH referral center. Results Cohort 1 (n = 847) and Cohort 2 (n = 697) had a mean age of 47 and 54 years, respectively. Most were female (78% and 73%, respectively), Caucasian (83% and 82%), with advanced functional class disease status (New York Heart Association Functional Class III/IV 85% and 68%) and with significantly elevated hemodynamics (mean RAP/PAWP ratio: 1.2 and 1.0; pulmonary vascular resistance: 13.5 and 9.4 Wood units). RAP/PAWP ratio indicated a 1-year hazard ratio of 1.44 (p = 0.0001) and 1.35, respectively (p < 0.0001), and was the most consistently predictive hemodynamic variable across the 2 cohorts. These results remain valid even when adjusted for other covariables in multivariable regression models. Conclusions The RAP/PAWP ratio is a more specific predictor of survival than any other hemodynamic variable, and we recommend that it be used in clinical prognostication and PAH predictive models.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)760-767
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1 2016


  • heart failure
  • hemodynamics
  • pulmonary heart disease
  • pulmonary hypertension
  • survival

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Transplantation


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