Rho kinase and Na+/H+ exchanger mediate endothelin-1-induced pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cell proliferation and migration

John Huetsch, Jasmine Walker, Clark Undem, Julie Lade, Xin Yun, Syeda Baksh, Haiyang Jiang, Ning Lai, Larissa Shimoda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Excessive production of endothelin-1 (ET-1) has been observed in almost all forms of pulmonary hypertension. ET-1, a highly potent vasoconstrictor, can also potentiate pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cell (PASMC) growth and migration, both of which contribute to the vascular remodeling that occurs during the development of pulmonary hypertension. Increasing evidence indicates that alkalinization of intracellular pH (pHi), typically due to activation of Na+/H+ exchange (NHE), is associated with enhanced PASMC proliferation and migration. We recently demonstrated that application of exogenous ET-1 increased NHE activity in murine PASMCs via a mechanism requiring Rho kinase (ROCK). However, whether ROCK and/or increased NHE activity mediate ET-1-induced migration and proliferation in PASMCs remains unknown. In this study, we used fluorescent microscopy in transiently cultured PASMCs from distal pulmonary arteries of the rat and the pH-sensitive dye, BCECF-AM, to measure changes in resting pHi and NHE activity induced by exposure to exogenous ET-1 (10−8 mol/L) for 24 h. Cell migration and proliferation in response to ET-1 were also measured using Transwell assays and BrdU incorporation, respectively. We found that application of exogenous ET-1 had no effect on NHE1 expression, but increased pHi, NHE activity, migration, and proliferation in rat PASMCs. Pharmacologic inhibition of NHE or ROCK prevented the ET-1-induced changes in cell function (proliferation and migration). Our results indicate that ET-1 modulates PASMC migration and proliferation via changes in pHi homeostasis through a pathway involving ROCK.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere13698
JournalPhysiological Reports
Volume6
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2018

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rho-Associated Kinases
Sodium-Hydrogen Antiporter
Endothelin-1
Lung
Cell Movement
Cell Proliferation
Smooth Muscle Myocytes
Pulmonary Hypertension
Vasoconstrictor Agents
Bromodeoxyuridine
Pulmonary Artery
Microscopy
Homeostasis
Coloring Agents

Keywords

  • Endothelin
  • pulmonary arterial smooth muscle
  • Rho kinase
  • sodium-hydrogen exchanger

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

Cite this

Rho kinase and Na+/H+ exchanger mediate endothelin-1-induced pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cell proliferation and migration. / Huetsch, John; Walker, Jasmine; Undem, Clark; Lade, Julie; Yun, Xin; Baksh, Syeda; Jiang, Haiyang; Lai, Ning; Shimoda, Larissa.

In: Physiological Reports, Vol. 6, No. 9, e13698, 01.05.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Huetsch, John ; Walker, Jasmine ; Undem, Clark ; Lade, Julie ; Yun, Xin ; Baksh, Syeda ; Jiang, Haiyang ; Lai, Ning ; Shimoda, Larissa. / Rho kinase and Na+/H+ exchanger mediate endothelin-1-induced pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cell proliferation and migration. In: Physiological Reports. 2018 ; Vol. 6, No. 9.
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