Rhabdomyolysis and secondary renal failure in critically ill surgical patients.

Lindsey S. Sharp, Grace S. Rozycki, David V. Feliciano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Rhabdomyolysis accounts for up to 28% of the causes of posttraumatic acute renal failure requiring dialysis. Clinically significant rhabdomyolysis is poorly characterized biochemically and difficult to diagnose. METHODS: A retrospective review of all surgical, trauma, burn, and pediatric surgical patients admitted to Grady Memorial Hospital in Atlanta, GA, from January 1995, through April 2002 was performed. Patients were screened for serum creatinine, base deficit, serum creatine kinase (CK) > or =1,000, presence of myoglobinuria, or if they had a clinical diagnosis of rhabdomyolysis by an attending surgeon. RESULTS: The sequential addition of admission laboratory values for serum creatinine > or =1.5 mg/dL (positive predictive value [PPV] = 33%), base deficit < or = -4 (PPV = 52%), serum CK level > or =5,000 U/L (PPV = 80%), and myoglobinuria increases the ability to predict which patients will develop dialysis-requiring acute renal failure after an episode of rhabdomyolysis. Patients with maximum CK > or =5,000 are also at increased risk for persistent renal insufficiency (Cr > or =2.0 mg/dL). CONCLUSIONS: An algorithm for testing at-risk surgical patients was developed and may aid in the early diagnosis of clinically significant rhabdomyolysis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)801-806
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican journal of surgery
Volume188
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2004
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Rhabdomyolysis and secondary renal failure in critically ill surgical patients.'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this