Revisiting racial differences in ESRD due to ADPKD in the United States 11 Medical and Health Sciences 1103 Clinical Sciences

Erin L. Murphy, Feng Dai, Katrina Lehmann Blount, Madeline L. Droher, Lauren Liberti, Deidra Crews, Neera K. Dahl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction: Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) affects all races. Whether the progression of ADPKD varies by race remains unclear. Methods: In this retrospective cohort study from 2004 to 2013 non-Hispanic blacks and non-Hispanic whites of all ages classified in the US Renal Data System (USRDS) with incident ESRD from ADPKD (n = 23,647), hypertension/large vessel disease (n = 296,352), or diabetes mellitus (n = 451,760) were stratified into five-year age categories ranging from < 40 to > 75 (e.g., < 40, 40-44, 45-49, ..., 75+). The Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel test was used to determine the association of race and incidence of ESRD from ADPKD, diabetes, or hypertension. The difference in the proportions of ESRD in non-Hispanic black and non-Hispanic white patients at each age categorical bin was compared by two-sample proportion test. The age of ESRD onset between non-Hispanic black and non-Hispanic white patients at each year was compared using two-sample t-test with unequal variance. Results: 1.068% of non-Hispanic blacks and 2.778% of non-Hispanic whites had ESRD attributed to ADPKD. Non-Hispanic blacks were less likely than non-Hispanic whites to have ESRD attributed to ADPKD (odds ratio (OR) (95% CI) = 0.38 (0.36-0.39), p < 0.0001). Using US Census data as the denominator to adjust for population differences non-Hispanic blacks were still slightly under-represented (OR (95% CI) 0.94 (0.91-0.96), p = 0.004). However, non-Hispanic blacks with ADPKD had a younger age of ESRD (54.4 years ±13) than non-Hispanic whites (55.9 years ±12.8) (p < 0.0001). For those < 40 years old, more non-Hispanic blacks had incident ESRD from ADPKD than non-Hispanic whites (9.49% vs. 7.68%, difference (95% CI) = 1.81% (0.87-2.84%), p < 0.001) for the combined years examined. Conclusions: As previously shown, we find the incidence of ESRD from ADPKD in non-Hispanic blacks is lower than in non-Hispanic whites. Among the younger ADPKD population (age < 40), however, more non-Hispanic blacks initiated dialysis than non-Hispanic whites. Non-Hispanic blacks with ADPKD initiated dialysis younger than non-Hispanic whites. A potential implication of these findings may be that black race should be considered an additional risk factor for progression in ADPKD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number55
JournalBMC nephrology
Volume20
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 14 2019

Keywords

  • Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD)
  • End-stage renal disease (ESRD)
  • Incidence
  • United States renal data system (USRDS)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Revisiting racial differences in ESRD due to ADPKD in the United States 11 Medical and Health Sciences 1103 Clinical Sciences'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this