Review of HIV testing efforts in historically black churches

Latrice Crystal Pichon, Terrinieka Williams Powell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


This paper aims to critically assess the state of HIV testing in African American churches. A comprehensive review of peer-reviewed publications on HIV testing in church-based settings was conducted by two independent coders. Twenty-six papers published between 1991 and 2015, representing 24 unique projects, were identified addressing at least one dimension of HIV testing. Thirteen faith-based projects have implemented HIV testing events or had clergy promote the importance of testing and knowing one’s HIV status, but empirical data and rigorous study designs were limited. Only eight papers reported onsite HIV testing in churches. Less than 5% of the studies reported the percentage of congregants who returned for their test results. Finally, no study has examined at baseline or post-intervention behavioral intentions to be screened for HIV. Future research is needed to evaluate the effectiveness of HIV testing in churches and to explore the possibilities of the role of the church and leadership structure in the promotion of HIV treatment and care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6016-6026
Number of pages11
JournalInternational journal of environmental research and public health
Issue number6
StatePublished - May 28 2015


  • African American
  • Black
  • Church
  • HIV testing
  • Religion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pollution
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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