Review of Accidents/Injuries among Emergency Medical Services Workers in Baltimore, Maryland

David Vlahov

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    Objectives: To characterize the types of occupational exposures and injuries reported by emergency medical service (EMS) workers. Methods: A blinded review of accidents/exposures among EMS workers employed by a Baltimore County fire department was conducted. Medical records for 1992 were reviewed. Results: Two hundred and twenty-six reports were filed by EMS workers (n = 197) employed by a large, urban fire department in 1992. The most, commonly reported injuries were sprains (23%), strains (20%), and exposure to blood and body fluids (15%). The body site most commonly injured was the back (20%) followed by the respiratory system (10%). Most incidents were treated at the employee health clinic, and 13% of the incidents resulted in a hospital visit. Fifteen percent of the injuries resulted in more than seven lost work days. Most incidents were caused by stretcher mishaps, especially during transport of heavy patients. Walkway impediments (e.g, icy steps, wet leaves, broken and uneven pathways) also played an important role in creating slipping and tripping hazards. Conclusion: These results suggest a variety of prevention strategies aimed at reducing accidents and exposures among EMS workers.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)14-18
    Number of pages5
    JournalPrehospital and disaster medicine
    Issue number1
    StatePublished - Mar 1995


    • accidents
    • emergency med-
    • exposure
    • fire department
    • ical services
    • medical records
    • occupational injuries
    • work-days lost

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Emergency Medicine
    • Emergency


    Dive into the research topics of 'Review of Accidents/Injuries among Emergency Medical Services Workers in Baltimore, Maryland'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this