Reversibility of High-Affinity Binding of Methotrexate in L1210 Murine Leukemia Cells

Michael Cohen, Richard A. Bender, Ross Donehower, Charles E. Myers, Bruce A. Chabner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The intracellular binding of methotrexate to high-affinity site(s) was examined in L1210 murine leukemia cells in vitro. Following exposure of cells to an extracellular [3H]methotrexate concentration of 2 μm, a peak intracellular level of 10.2 nmol methotrexate per g dry weight was achieved after 20 min. Resuspension of cells in a drugfree medium led to achievement of a steady-state intracellular level of 6.3 nmol/g, dry weight, a level that was constant for up to 120 min. Sephadex G-15 chromatography confirmed that this residual intracellular [3H]methotrexate coeluted with dihydrofolate reductase (assayed at pH 7.8), was nondialyzable, and reverted to a late-migrating peak after boiling. These findings are all consistent with the hypothesis that residual [3H]-methotrexate persisted in a tightly bound complex with dihydrofolate reductase. The reversibility of [3H]methotrexate binding in this complex was examined by resuspending cells after achieving a steady-state intracellular level of 6.3 nmol/g, dry weight, in unlabeled methotrexate at concentrations of 1 to 100 μM for up to 60 min. Rapid loss of [3H]methotrexate from the bound complex occurred at extracellular methotrexate concentrations of 10 μM or greater with release of 90% of intracellular [3H]-methotrexate within 60 min. The rate of loss of labeled intracellular drug was a linear first-order function of time at or above concentrations of 10 μM unlabeled methotrexate. An “off” rate constant of-3.8*10-2/min was calculated; this off rate constant was greater than predicted from experiments with purified dihydrofolate reductase from these cells (koff=-1.4*10-3). These experiments demonstrate the reversibility of methotrexate binding to high-affinity intracellular sites in vitro.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2866-2870
Number of pages5
JournalCancer Research
Volume38
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 1978

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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    Cohen, M., Bender, R. A., Donehower, R., Myers, C. E., & Chabner, B. A. (1978). Reversibility of High-Affinity Binding of Methotrexate in L1210 Murine Leukemia Cells. Cancer Research, 38(9), 2866-2870.