Retroviral gene therapy with an immunoglobulin-antigen fusion construct protects from experimental autoimmune uveitis

Rajeev K. Agarwal, Yubin Kang, Elias Zambidis, David W. Scott, Chi Chao Chan, Rachel R. Caspi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Immunoglobulins can serve as tolerogenic carriers for antigens, and B cells can function as tolerogenic antigen-presenting cells. We used this principle to design a strategy for gene therapy of experimental autoimmune uveitis, a cell-mediated autoimmune disease model for human uveitis induced with the uveitogenic interphotoreceptor retinoid-binding protein (IRBP). A retroviral vector was constructed containing a major uveitogenic IRBP epitope in frame with mouse IgG1 heavy chain. This construct was used to transduce peripheral B cells, which were infused into syngeneic recipients. A single infusion of transduced cells, 10 days before uveitogenic challenge/protected mice from clinical disease induced with the epitope or with the native IRBP protein. Protected mice had reduced antigen-specific responses, but showed no evidence for a classic Th1/Th2 response shift or for generalized anergy. Protection was not transferable, arguing against a mechanism dependent on regulatory cells. Importantly, the treatment was protective when initiated 7 days after uveitogenic immunization or concurrently with adoptive transfer of primed uveitogenic T cells. We suggest that this form of gene therapy can induce epitope-specific protection nor only in naive, but also in already primed recipients, thus providing a protocol for treatment of established autoimmunity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)245-252
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Clinical Investigation
Volume106
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2000

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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