Retrospective Study on Fatal Melioidosis in Captive Zoo Animals in Thailand

T. Kasantikul, A. Sommanustweechai, K. Polsrila, W. Kongkham, C. Chaisongkram, S. Sanannu, P. Kongmakee, W. Narongwanichgarn, M. Bush, R. W. Sermswan, W. Banlunara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Melioidosis is caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei and is an important zoonotic infectious disease causing high mortality from fulminant septicaemia in humans and a wide variety of animal species. The incidence of fatal melioidosis in zoo animals has been significant in many Thai zoos. A total number of 32 cases were evaluated throughout the Thai zoo animal populations. The highest prevalence of disease has been reported from the north-eastern region followed by the zoos in the southern part of the country, approximately 47% and 38%, respectively, while the other zoos reported sporadic infections. Herbivores and non-human primates were the most commonly affected animals with incidences of 59% and 28%, respectively. This appears to be a seasonal correlation with the highest incidence of melioidosis in zoo animals reported in the rainy season (44%) or subdivided monthly in June (19%) followed by September and November (16% and 12%, respectively). The route of infection and the incubation period still remain unclear. This retrospective study examined the clinical presentation in various zoo species, pathological findings and epidemiological data as well as conducting an in depth literature review.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e389-e394
JournalTransboundary and Emerging Diseases
Volume63
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Zoo Animals
Melioidosis
zoo animals
captive animals
Thailand
zoos
retrospective studies
Retrospective Studies
Incidence
incidence
Burkholderia pseudomallei
Herbivory
Zoonoses
Infection
Primates
disease prevalence
Sepsis
septicemia
infection
infectious diseases

Keywords

  • Burkholderia pseudomallei
  • melioidosis
  • zoo animals
  • zoonoses

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)

Cite this

Kasantikul, T., Sommanustweechai, A., Polsrila, K., Kongkham, W., Chaisongkram, C., Sanannu, S., ... Banlunara, W. (2016). Retrospective Study on Fatal Melioidosis in Captive Zoo Animals in Thailand. Transboundary and Emerging Diseases, 63(5), e389-e394. https://doi.org/10.1111/tbed.12315

Retrospective Study on Fatal Melioidosis in Captive Zoo Animals in Thailand. / Kasantikul, T.; Sommanustweechai, A.; Polsrila, K.; Kongkham, W.; Chaisongkram, C.; Sanannu, S.; Kongmakee, P.; Narongwanichgarn, W.; Bush, M.; Sermswan, R. W.; Banlunara, W.

In: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases, Vol. 63, No. 5, 01.10.2016, p. e389-e394.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kasantikul, T, Sommanustweechai, A, Polsrila, K, Kongkham, W, Chaisongkram, C, Sanannu, S, Kongmakee, P, Narongwanichgarn, W, Bush, M, Sermswan, RW & Banlunara, W 2016, 'Retrospective Study on Fatal Melioidosis in Captive Zoo Animals in Thailand', Transboundary and Emerging Diseases, vol. 63, no. 5, pp. e389-e394. https://doi.org/10.1111/tbed.12315
Kasantikul T, Sommanustweechai A, Polsrila K, Kongkham W, Chaisongkram C, Sanannu S et al. Retrospective Study on Fatal Melioidosis in Captive Zoo Animals in Thailand. Transboundary and Emerging Diseases. 2016 Oct 1;63(5):e389-e394. https://doi.org/10.1111/tbed.12315
Kasantikul, T. ; Sommanustweechai, A. ; Polsrila, K. ; Kongkham, W. ; Chaisongkram, C. ; Sanannu, S. ; Kongmakee, P. ; Narongwanichgarn, W. ; Bush, M. ; Sermswan, R. W. ; Banlunara, W. / Retrospective Study on Fatal Melioidosis in Captive Zoo Animals in Thailand. In: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases. 2016 ; Vol. 63, No. 5. pp. e389-e394.
@article{27e5658459ae40388ececbfdb3eac94d,
title = "Retrospective Study on Fatal Melioidosis in Captive Zoo Animals in Thailand",
abstract = "Melioidosis is caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei and is an important zoonotic infectious disease causing high mortality from fulminant septicaemia in humans and a wide variety of animal species. The incidence of fatal melioidosis in zoo animals has been significant in many Thai zoos. A total number of 32 cases were evaluated throughout the Thai zoo animal populations. The highest prevalence of disease has been reported from the north-eastern region followed by the zoos in the southern part of the country, approximately 47{\%} and 38{\%}, respectively, while the other zoos reported sporadic infections. Herbivores and non-human primates were the most commonly affected animals with incidences of 59{\%} and 28{\%}, respectively. This appears to be a seasonal correlation with the highest incidence of melioidosis in zoo animals reported in the rainy season (44{\%}) or subdivided monthly in June (19{\%}) followed by September and November (16{\%} and 12{\%}, respectively). The route of infection and the incubation period still remain unclear. This retrospective study examined the clinical presentation in various zoo species, pathological findings and epidemiological data as well as conducting an in depth literature review.",
keywords = "Burkholderia pseudomallei, melioidosis, zoo animals, zoonoses",
author = "T. Kasantikul and A. Sommanustweechai and K. Polsrila and W. Kongkham and C. Chaisongkram and S. Sanannu and P. Kongmakee and W. Narongwanichgarn and M. Bush and Sermswan, {R. W.} and W. Banlunara",
year = "2016",
month = "10",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/tbed.12315",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "63",
pages = "e389--e394",
journal = "Journal of Veterinary Medicine Series A: Physiology Pathology Clinical Medicine",
issn = "1865-1674",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Retrospective Study on Fatal Melioidosis in Captive Zoo Animals in Thailand

AU - Kasantikul, T.

AU - Sommanustweechai, A.

AU - Polsrila, K.

AU - Kongkham, W.

AU - Chaisongkram, C.

AU - Sanannu, S.

AU - Kongmakee, P.

AU - Narongwanichgarn, W.

AU - Bush, M.

AU - Sermswan, R. W.

AU - Banlunara, W.

PY - 2016/10/1

Y1 - 2016/10/1

N2 - Melioidosis is caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei and is an important zoonotic infectious disease causing high mortality from fulminant septicaemia in humans and a wide variety of animal species. The incidence of fatal melioidosis in zoo animals has been significant in many Thai zoos. A total number of 32 cases were evaluated throughout the Thai zoo animal populations. The highest prevalence of disease has been reported from the north-eastern region followed by the zoos in the southern part of the country, approximately 47% and 38%, respectively, while the other zoos reported sporadic infections. Herbivores and non-human primates were the most commonly affected animals with incidences of 59% and 28%, respectively. This appears to be a seasonal correlation with the highest incidence of melioidosis in zoo animals reported in the rainy season (44%) or subdivided monthly in June (19%) followed by September and November (16% and 12%, respectively). The route of infection and the incubation period still remain unclear. This retrospective study examined the clinical presentation in various zoo species, pathological findings and epidemiological data as well as conducting an in depth literature review.

AB - Melioidosis is caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei and is an important zoonotic infectious disease causing high mortality from fulminant septicaemia in humans and a wide variety of animal species. The incidence of fatal melioidosis in zoo animals has been significant in many Thai zoos. A total number of 32 cases were evaluated throughout the Thai zoo animal populations. The highest prevalence of disease has been reported from the north-eastern region followed by the zoos in the southern part of the country, approximately 47% and 38%, respectively, while the other zoos reported sporadic infections. Herbivores and non-human primates were the most commonly affected animals with incidences of 59% and 28%, respectively. This appears to be a seasonal correlation with the highest incidence of melioidosis in zoo animals reported in the rainy season (44%) or subdivided monthly in June (19%) followed by September and November (16% and 12%, respectively). The route of infection and the incubation period still remain unclear. This retrospective study examined the clinical presentation in various zoo species, pathological findings and epidemiological data as well as conducting an in depth literature review.

KW - Burkholderia pseudomallei

KW - melioidosis

KW - zoo animals

KW - zoonoses

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84985037094&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84985037094&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/tbed.12315

DO - 10.1111/tbed.12315

M3 - Article

VL - 63

SP - e389-e394

JO - Journal of Veterinary Medicine Series A: Physiology Pathology Clinical Medicine

JF - Journal of Veterinary Medicine Series A: Physiology Pathology Clinical Medicine

SN - 1865-1674

IS - 5

ER -