Our previous work has shown that retinoic acid (RA) enhances fibroblast cell attachment to plastic and to laminin. The treatment of NIH-3T3 cells with RA for 2 days also caused a reproducible increase in the binding of the lectin Phaseolus vulgaris leukoagglutinin (PHA-L) to a glycoprotein of molecular weight 130,000 (gp130) as judged by SDS-PAGE analysis. This finding is consistent with an increased number of β-1,6-linked N-acetylglucosaminyl residues on gp130. Of the 11 additional lectins tested Ricinus communis agglutinin I (RCA), Phaseolus vulgaris erythroagglutinin (PHA-E), soybean agglutinin (SBA), and succinylated wheat germ agglutinin (sWGA) showed a significant increase in binding specifically to gp130. Similar to RA, 13-cis-RA and 3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-chalcone carboxylic acid, a synthetic retinoid, also increased PHA-L binding to gp130; they also enhanced cell adhesiveness and inhibited cell growth. N-(4-Hydroxyphenyl)-all-trans-retinamide and thyroxine failed to influence adhesion and did not increase PHA-L binding to gp130. Moreover these compounds also failed to inhibit cell growth and to alter the morphology of the cultured cells. Since trypsin is utilized to remove cells from the culture dishes before they are used in the attachment assay to laminin, we studied the effect of this trypsinization step on PHA-L binding to gp130. Trypsin reduced PHA-L binding thus suggesting cell surface localization of gp130. After trypsin treatment RA-treated cells still showed enhanced PHA-L binding compared to dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) control. In conclusion RA-induced cell adhesiveness and growth inhibition are accompanied by an increase in the PHA-L, PHA-E, SBA, RCA, and sWGA binding to gp130. The sensitivity of gp130 to trypsin suggests that it is a cell surface glycoprotein.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology