Retinoids Act as Multistep Modulators of the Major Histocompatibility Class I Presentation Pathway and Sensitize Neuroblastomas to Cytotoxic Lymphocytes

Simona Vertuani, Anna De Geer, Victor Levitsky, Per Kogner, Rolf Kiessling, Jelena Levitskaya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The current therapeutic modalities achieve low response rates in human neuroblastoma, a frequent extracranial malignancy of the early childhood. We have assessed the effect of retinoids, used presently for the treatment of neuroblastoma, on the discrete steps of the MHC class I processing machinery and susceptibility of neuroblastoma cells to CTL-mediated killing. We demonstrate that retinoic acid derivatives induce the expression of proteolytic and regulatory subunits of the immunoproteasome, increase the half-life of MHC class I complexes, and enhance the sensitivity of neuroblastoma cells to both MHC class I-restricted peptide-specific and HLA nonrestricted lysis by CTLs. Importantly, effects of retinoids on the MHC class I pathway appear to be independent of IFN-γ and/or TNF-α as intermediate messengers. To our knowledge, this is the first demonstration of inflammation-unrelated biological molecules that induce systemic modulation of antigen presentation in nonprofessional antigen presenting cells. Our findings suggest that the application of retinoids and T cell-based immunotherapy may be an effective combination for the treatment of neuroblastoma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8006-8013
Number of pages8
JournalCancer Research
Volume63
Issue number22
StatePublished - Nov 15 2003
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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