The current therapeutic modalities achieve low response rates in human neuroblastoma, a frequent extracranial malignancy of the early childhood. We have assessed the effect of retinoids, used presently for the treatment of neuroblastoma, on the discrete steps of the MHC class I processing machinery and susceptibility of neuroblastoma cells to CTL-mediated killing. We demonstrate that retinoic acid derivatives induce the expression of proteolytic and regulatory subunits of the immunoproteasome, increase the half-life of MHC class I complexes, and enhance the sensitivity of neuroblastoma cells to both MHC class I-restricted peptide-specific and HLA nonrestricted lysis by CTLs. Importantly, effects of retinoids on the MHC class I pathway appear to be independent of IFN-γ and/or TNF-α as intermediate messengers. To our knowledge, this is the first demonstration of inflammation-unrelated biological molecules that induce systemic modulation of antigen presentation in nonprofessional antigen presenting cells. Our findings suggest that the application of retinoids and T cell-based immunotherapy may be an effective combination for the treatment of neuroblastoma.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|State||Published - Nov 15 2003|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research