Retinoic acid-dependent homeobox Hoxb-1 gene expression offers an unanticipated example of both a positive and a negative transcriptional activity of RA, as exerted at different times during embryogenesis. A paradigm for the transduction of positive and negative signaling is the discovery that retinoic acid response elements (RAREs), positioned in the 3' enhancer and 5' promoter of the Hoxb-1 gene, may function respectively as positive and negative regulators, thereby permitting a diffused (early positive) as well as a segmentally specified and limited (late negative) expression of the gene. This molecular action of retinoic acid may provide a mechanism for our understanding of normal embryogenesis and of the interference with this process by ectopic retinoic acid, thereby leading to teratogenesis.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||3|
|Issue number||2 I|
|Publication status||Published - Feb 1996|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Medicine (miscellaneous)
- Food Science