The effect of retinoic acid treatment on cell attachment to plastic substrates precoated with fibronectin, gelatin, laminin, and type IV collagen was investigated. Both retinoic acid-treated and control cells attached efficiently to fibronectin or gelatin substrates without any significant difference. In contrast, retinoic acid-treated cells attached to laminin or type IV collagen substrates, while control cells showed little or no attachment. The minimal effective concentration of retinoic acid for pretreatment to yield a significant increase in the attachment assay was higher than 10-8 M. The attachment of retinoic acid treated cells to laminin substrates reached a maximum at 60 min, while that to type IV collagen substrates had a time lag and did not reach a maximum by 60 min. The effect of retinoic acid treatment reached a maximum at 2 days and was partly reversible. These results suggest that retinoic acid may increase NIH/3T3 cell adhesion through an effect on laminin receptors. Other mouse fibroblast lines, 3T3-Swiss, 3T6-Swiss, Balb/3T3, and Balb/3T12-3 (spontaneously transformed Balb/3T3), responded to retinoic acid treatment in a manner similar to that of NIH/3T3 cells. However, the virus-transformed Balb/3T3 lines, SV-T2 and M-MSV, showed significant attachment to laminin substrates without retinoic acid treatment, and retinoic acid did not affect or slightly decreased the cell attachment to laminin substrates.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology