Glaucoma is the second leading cause of blindness worldwide. To examine the relationship between angle closure and the retinal vessel diameter in Chinese adults, we conducted Handan Eye Study (HES), a large population-based cross-sectional study, which enrolled 6830 participants >30 year-old living in 13 randomly selected villages of Yongnian County. After adjusting for age, gender, spherical equivalent (SE), diabetes, and hypertension, the mean central retinal artery equivalent (CRAE, Î 1/4m) was 127.1 ± 7.0 and 145.6 ± 4.4 in primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) and primary angle closure glaucoma (PACG), respectively; narrower than that in normal control (156.1 ± 0.4), primary angle-closure suspect (PACS) (156.3 ± 1.1) or primary angle closure (PAC) (156.0 ± 3.4) (P = 0.001). The mean central retinal vein equivalent (CRVE, Î 1/4m) was 229.0 ± 5.9 and 215.8 ± 9.5 in POAG and PACG, respectively; narrower than that in normal control (238.3 ± 0.5), PACS (241.2 ± 1.4) or PAC (242.2 ± 4.6) (P = 0.001). There was no significant difference in the mean CRAE or CRVE between PACG and POAG. Compared to the normal control (0.66), the mean arterio-venous ratio (AVR) was smaller in POAG (0.64) and PACG (0.59), whereas larger in PACS (0.65) and PAC (0.67) (P = 0.003). To conclude, PACG and POAG individuals have narrower retinal arteries and veins.
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