The purpose of the present study is to clarify the specific retinal vascular changes in rat models of single spontaneous or hereditary systemic diseases. We used Wistar Kyoto (WKy) rats 6 months of age as normal controls, 24-month-old Wistar Kyoto rats in studies of aging, 16-month-old spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR), 18-month-old rats with inherited hypercholesterolemia (RICO) for arteriosclerosis, and 18-month-old Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) rats for diabetes mellitus. Retinal vascular corrosion casts were made and observed with a scanning electron microscope. The retinal vessels were also examined with a transmission electron microscope. Specific changes in the retinal vessels were: narrowing and thin thread-like capillaries in aging; capillary tortuosity, irregularity and narrowing in hypertension; straightening in hypercholesterolemia; and loop formation and microaneurysms in diabetes mellitus. These specific changes in the retinal vessels in each systemic disease can be clearly and easily revealed in a three-dimensional fashion by corrosion casts followed by scanning electron microscopy.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Italian journal of anatomy and embryology = Archivio italiano di anatomia ed embriologia|
|Issue number||2 Suppl 1|
|State||Published - 2001|
ASJC Scopus subject areas