Retinal detachment in myopic eyes after laser in situ keratomileusis

J. Fernando Arevalo, Ernesto Ramirez, Enrique Suarez, Rafael Cortez, Gema Ramirez, Juan B. Yepez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

PURPOSE: To report the characteristics and surgical outcomes of rhegmatogenous retinal detachments in myopic eyes after laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK). METHODS: Clinical charts of patients that developed rhegmatogenous retinal detachment after LASIK were reviewed. Surgery to repair rhegmatogenous retinal detachment was performed in 31 eyes (mean follow-up of 14 months after vitreoretinal surgery). RESULTS: A total of 38,823 eyes underwent surgical correction of myopia from -0.75 to -29.00 D (mean -6.00 D). Thirty-three eyes (27 patients; frequency .08%) developed rhegmatogenous retinal detachment after LASIK; detachments occurred between 12 days and 60 months (mean 16.3 mo) after LASIK. Eyes that developed a rhegmatogenous retinal detachment had a mean -8.75 D before LASIK. Most rhegmatogenous retinal detachment and retinal breaks occurred in the temporal quadrants (71.1%). Final best spectacle-corrected visual acuity (BSCVA) of 20/40 or better was obtained in 38.7% of the 31 eyes (two patients refused surgery). Poor final visual acuity (20/200 or worse) occurred in 22.6% of eyes. Information regarding visual acuity after LASIK and before the development of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment was available in 24 eyes; 45.8% (11/24 eyes) lost two or more lines of visual acuity after vitreo-retinal surgery. Reasons for poor visual acuity included the development of proliferative vitreo-retinopathy (n=5), epiretinal membrane (n=1), chronicity of rheg matogenous retinal detachment (n=1), new breaks (n=1), displaced corneal flap (n=1), and cataract. CONCLUSIONS: Rhegmatogenous retinal detachment after LASIK for myopia is a serious complication. Final visual acuity may be limited by myopic degeneration, amblyopia, or delayed surgical repair.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)708-714
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Refractive Surgery
Volume18
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 1 2002

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Ophthalmology

Cite this

Arevalo, J. F., Ramirez, E., Suarez, E., Cortez, R., Ramirez, G., & Yepez, J. B. (2002). Retinal detachment in myopic eyes after laser in situ keratomileusis. Journal of Refractive Surgery, 18(6), 708-714.