Retinal and choroidal manifestations of toxoplasmosis

J. Fernando Arévalo, Rubens Belfort, Juan V. E Spinoza, Cristina Muccioli, Emmett T. Cunningham

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Ocular toxoplasmosis is the most prevalent form of infectious posterior uveitis worldwide. Although congenital infections have long been considered to account for most ocular disease, there is now clear evidence that the majority of ocular toxoplasmosis infections are acquired after birth. Following either congenitally or postnatally acquired infection, Toxoplasma gondii may induce a latent disease wherein T. gondii tissue cysts establish residence in various organs, including the eye. These cysts may subsequently rupture, resulting in clinical recurrence. Active ocular toxoplasmosis may occur at any age but is most common during the second through fourth decades of life.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationRetinal and Choroidal Manifestations of Selected Systemic Diseases
PublisherSpringer New York
Number of pages26
ISBN (Electronic)9781461436461
ISBN (Print)9781461436454
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013


  • Acquired toxoplasmosis
  • Congenital toxoplasmosis
  • Infectious uveitis
  • Ocular toxoplasmosis
  • Toxoplasma gondii
  • Toxoplasmic epidemiology
  • Toxoplasmic retinochoroiditis
  • Toxoplasmic therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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