Rethinking Urban Female Adolescents’ Safety Net: The Role of Family, Peers, and Sexual Partners in Social Support

Camille A. Robinson, Maria Trent, Jonathan M. Ellen, Pamela A. Matson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To examine how interpersonal factors are associated with family, peer, and partner social support among urban female adolescents in sexual relationships. Design: Secondary data analysis of cross-sectional data. Setting: Two urban health clinics and community sites in Baltimore, Maryland. Participants: One hundred sixteen female adolescents (ages 16-19) with 131 heterosexual relationships from the Perceived Risk of Sexually Transmitted Diseases cohort. Measures: Interpersonal factors included parental monitoring, friend–partner connectedness, and feelings of intimacy for partner. Social support was measured using the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support with family, peer, and partner subdomains. Analysis: Multivariable linear regression models using baseline data and accounting for clustering of partners. Results: Adolescents perceived high levels of family, peer, and partner support, with the greatest coming from partners (range: 1-5; family mean: 4.0 [95% confidence interval, CI: 3.83-4.18]; peer mean: 4.2 [95% CI: 4.05-4.33]; partner mean: 4.5 [95% CI: 4.36-4.60]). Parental monitoring and friend–partner connectedness were significantly associated with greater family (b = 0.11, standard error [SE] = 0.03, P = 0.001; b = 0.15, SE = 0.06, P =.02) and peer support (b = 0.06, SE = 0.02, P =.01; b = 0.29, SE = 0.07, P <.001). Feelings of intimacy for partner was significantly associated with greater partner support (b = 0.08, SE = 0.03, P =.02). Conclusion: Feeling connected to one’s social network and having a connected network is an important contribution to social support for urban female adolescents in sexual relationships. Future research targeting interpersonal factors is warranted, as it may result in increased social support and promote positive sexual health behaviors in an urban female adolescent population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)431-435
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Health Promotion
Volume34
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2020

Keywords

  • adolescents
  • behavior change
  • romantic partners
  • sexual health
  • social support

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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