Retention of Stroke Education Provided during Hospitalization: Does Provision of Required Education Increase Stroke Knowledge?

Brenda Johnson, Diane Handler, Victor Urrutia, Anne W. Alexandrov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Background: Provision of stroke education to patients is a Centers for Medicare/Medicaid (CMS) requirement. However, little is known about retention of the educational content. Methods: Two pilot studies were conducted: Pilot A delivered CMS-required stroke education during hospitalization in a standardized manner and tested knowledge retention in patients returning to the Stroke Clinic for 1-month follow-up; Pilot B randomized patients to either a control group with standardized education or a test-enhanced learning group (target), with measurement of stroke knowledge retention at hospital discharge. Results: A total of 198 patients/caregivers participated in Pilot A, with only 25% scoring 100% correct on required stroke education items. The question most commonly answered incorrectly (n = 117; 59%) was "personal risk factors for stroke," and 74 (37%) could not correctly identify stroke signs and symptoms. Pilot B found that significantly more target group patients could identify their personal stroke risk factors (100 vs. 67%; p = 0.04) and the purpose of their secondary prevention medications (87 vs. 40%; p = 0.02) compared to controls. Discussion: While stroke education is required during hospitalization, its ability to produce retention may be poor. We propose study of test-enhanced learning methods through the Targeted Education in Stroke Trial (TEST) to examine the effect of novel teaching methods on patient/caregiver knowledge retention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)471-478
Number of pages8
JournalInterventional Neurology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Oct 1 2018
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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