Results of ophthalmic examinations of 29 alpacas.

K. N. Gelatt, G. B. Otzen Martinic, J. L. Flaneig, O. D. Schein, B. Muñoz, S. K. West, D. D. Duncan, J. R. Nethercott, H. S. Koren

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28 Scopus citations


Analysis of the results of ophthalmic examinations of 29 alpacas (Lama pacos) revealed a direct relationship among coat color, iris color, and ocular fundus pigmentation. Alpacas with light-pigmented coats had iris color that included combinations of gray, blue, and brown, and had reduced pigmentation of the ocular fundi. Alpacas with dark coats had brown irides and pigmented ocular fundi. Eleven alpacas had evidence of ophthalmic conditions, including bilateral conjunctivitis (1); formation of a superficial corneal scar (1); formation of posterior synechiae and anterior cataracts (4); development of a deep corneal scar with anterior synechiae, buphthalmia, a subluxated lens, and cataracts (1); development of focal incipient primary cataracts (2); formation of vitreous opacities (1); and development of a unilateral optic nerve coloboma (1).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1204-1207
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Issue number8
StatePublished - Apr 15 1995
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)


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