The development of dnDSA anti-HLA antibodies has been shown to be a significant risk factor for graft failure. In 2008, we instituted a routine protocol of standardized monitoring and treatment of dnDSA in pediatric kidney transplant recipients. Of 67 first-time pediatric kidney transplant recipients, 26 (38%) developed dnDSA after 1.36 (IQ 1-2.14) years. Coefficient of variance of tacrolimus, a surrogate marker of non-adherence, was found to be the single most important risk factor for dnDSA development. Overall, there was a significant reduction in dnDSA with treatment in 19 (76%) children. No difference in graft survival and estimated glomerular filtration rate was noted between dnDSA negative and those treated for dnDSA. There was an increased risk of hospitalization in those treated for dnDSA. This study suggests that early detection and treatment of dnDSA can help to prevent graft failure and preserve graft function in the short term. Future studies and longer follow-up are needed to fully elucidate the effect of early detection and treatment of dnDSA in pediatric kidney transplant recipients.
- antibody-mediated rejection
- humoral immunity
- intravenous immunoglobulin
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health