Restless legs syndrome: Association with streptococcal or Mycoplasma infection

Muneaki Matsuo, Katsunori Tsuchiya, Yuhei Hamasaki, Harvey S. Singer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Group A β-hemolytic streptococcal infections have been reported to cause neuropsychiatric symptoms, such as chorea, tics, and obsessive-compulsive disorder, presumably through autoimmune damage to basal ganglia. Mycoplasma pneumoniae infections have also been reported to cause damage to the basal ganglia. Restless legs syndrome is a movement disorder with focal restlessness, an irresistible desire to move, and exacerbation by long periods of sitting or lying. We present three children with transient restless legs syndrome-like symptoms possibly associated with group A β-hemolytic streptococcal infection or Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection. One of three patients had persistently elevated enzyme-linked immunosorbent optical density values against human caudate and putamen.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)119-121
Number of pages3
JournalPediatric Neurology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Neurology
  • Developmental Neuroscience
  • Clinical Neurology


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