Restaurant Menu Labeling Policy: Review of Evidence and Controversies

Eric M. VanEpps, Christina A. Roberto, Sara Park, Christina D. Economos, Sara N Bleich

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

In response to high rates of obesity in the USA, several American cities, counties, and states have passed laws requiring restaurant chains to post labels identifying the energy content of items on menus, and nationwide implementation of menu labeling is expected in late 2016. In this review, we identify and summarize the results of 16 studies that have assessed the impact of real-world numeric calorie posting. We also discuss several controversies surrounding the US Food and Drug Administration's implementation of federally mandated menu labeling. Overall, the evidence regarding menu labeling is mixed, showing that labels may reduce the energy content of food purchased in some contexts, but have little effect in other contexts. However, more data on a range of ong-term consumption habits and restaurant responses is needed to fully understand the impact menu labeling laws will have on the US population's diet.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)72-80
Number of pages9
JournalCurrent obesity reports
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2016

Fingerprint

Restaurants
United States Food and Drug Administration
Habits
Obesity
Diet
Food
Population

Keywords

  • Calorie labeling
  • Food policy
  • Menu labeling
  • Obesity prevention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Restaurant Menu Labeling Policy : Review of Evidence and Controversies. / VanEpps, Eric M.; Roberto, Christina A.; Park, Sara; Economos, Christina D.; Bleich, Sara N.

In: Current obesity reports, Vol. 5, No. 1, 01.03.2016, p. 72-80.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

VanEpps, Eric M. ; Roberto, Christina A. ; Park, Sara ; Economos, Christina D. ; Bleich, Sara N. / Restaurant Menu Labeling Policy : Review of Evidence and Controversies. In: Current obesity reports. 2016 ; Vol. 5, No. 1. pp. 72-80.
@article{6f15ccde99fc45c6ac1060a548edd717,
title = "Restaurant Menu Labeling Policy: Review of Evidence and Controversies",
abstract = "In response to high rates of obesity in the USA, several American cities, counties, and states have passed laws requiring restaurant chains to post labels identifying the energy content of items on menus, and nationwide implementation of menu labeling is expected in late 2016. In this review, we identify and summarize the results of 16 studies that have assessed the impact of real-world numeric calorie posting. We also discuss several controversies surrounding the US Food and Drug Administration's implementation of federally mandated menu labeling. Overall, the evidence regarding menu labeling is mixed, showing that labels may reduce the energy content of food purchased in some contexts, but have little effect in other contexts. However, more data on a range of ong-term consumption habits and restaurant responses is needed to fully understand the impact menu labeling laws will have on the US population's diet.",
keywords = "Calorie labeling, Food policy, Menu labeling, Obesity prevention",
author = "VanEpps, {Eric M.} and Roberto, {Christina A.} and Sara Park and Economos, {Christina D.} and Bleich, {Sara N}",
year = "2016",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s13679-016-0193-z",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "5",
pages = "72--80",
journal = "Current obesity reports",
issn = "2162-4968",
publisher = "Springer US",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Restaurant Menu Labeling Policy

T2 - Review of Evidence and Controversies

AU - VanEpps, Eric M.

AU - Roberto, Christina A.

AU - Park, Sara

AU - Economos, Christina D.

AU - Bleich, Sara N

PY - 2016/3/1

Y1 - 2016/3/1

N2 - In response to high rates of obesity in the USA, several American cities, counties, and states have passed laws requiring restaurant chains to post labels identifying the energy content of items on menus, and nationwide implementation of menu labeling is expected in late 2016. In this review, we identify and summarize the results of 16 studies that have assessed the impact of real-world numeric calorie posting. We also discuss several controversies surrounding the US Food and Drug Administration's implementation of federally mandated menu labeling. Overall, the evidence regarding menu labeling is mixed, showing that labels may reduce the energy content of food purchased in some contexts, but have little effect in other contexts. However, more data on a range of ong-term consumption habits and restaurant responses is needed to fully understand the impact menu labeling laws will have on the US population's diet.

AB - In response to high rates of obesity in the USA, several American cities, counties, and states have passed laws requiring restaurant chains to post labels identifying the energy content of items on menus, and nationwide implementation of menu labeling is expected in late 2016. In this review, we identify and summarize the results of 16 studies that have assessed the impact of real-world numeric calorie posting. We also discuss several controversies surrounding the US Food and Drug Administration's implementation of federally mandated menu labeling. Overall, the evidence regarding menu labeling is mixed, showing that labels may reduce the energy content of food purchased in some contexts, but have little effect in other contexts. However, more data on a range of ong-term consumption habits and restaurant responses is needed to fully understand the impact menu labeling laws will have on the US population's diet.

KW - Calorie labeling

KW - Food policy

KW - Menu labeling

KW - Obesity prevention

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85050580073&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85050580073&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s13679-016-0193-z

DO - 10.1007/s13679-016-0193-z

M3 - Review article

C2 - 26877095

AN - SCOPUS:85050580073

VL - 5

SP - 72

EP - 80

JO - Current obesity reports

JF - Current obesity reports

SN - 2162-4968

IS - 1

ER -