Purpose: To assess the diagnostic performance of respiratory self-navigation for whole-heart coronary magnetic resonance (MR) angiography in a patient cohort referred for diagnostic cardiac MR imaging.Materials and Methods: Written informed consent was obtained from all participants for this institutional review board-approved study. Self-navigated coronary MR angiography was performed after administration of a contrast agent in 78 patients (mean age, 48.5 years ± 20.7 [standard deviation]; 53 male patients) referred for cardiac MR imaging because of coronary artery disease (n = 40), cardiomyopathy (n = 14), congenital anomaly (n = 17), or "other" (n = 7). Examination duration was recorded, and the image quality for each coronary segment was assessed with consensus reading. Vessel sharpness, length, and diameter were measured. Quantitative values in proximal, middle, and distal segments were compared by using analysis of variance and t tests. A double-blinded comparison with the results of x-ray angiography was performed when such results were available. Results: When patients with different indications for cardiac MR imaging were examined with self-navigated postcontrast coronary MR angiography, whole-heart data sets with 1.15-mm isotropic spatial resolution were acquired in an average of 7.38 minutes ± 1.85. The main and proximal coronary segments could be visualized in 92.3% of cases, while the middle and distal segments could be visualized in 84.0% and 55.8% of cases, respectively. Subjective scores and vessel sharpness were significantly higher in the proximal segments than in the middle and distal segments (P <.05). Anomalies of the coronary arteries could be confirmed or excluded in all cases. Per-vessel sensitivity and specificity for stenosis detection were 64.7% and 85.0%, respectively, in the 31 patients for whom reference standard x-ray coronary angiography results were available. Conclusion: The self-navigated coronary MR angiography sequence shows promise for coronary imaging. However, technical improvements are needed to improve image quality, especially in the more distal coronary segments.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging