Introduction: Children born premature who require ventricular shunt placement for post hemorrhagic hydrocephalus are at increased risk for neurodevelopmental delay. We hypothesized that preterm infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) who require ventricular shunt (VS) placement are at additive risk for long-term respiratory morbidities due to their higher likelihood of neurodevelopmental delay. We also hypothesized that children with BPD and ventricular shunts would require frequent shunt revisions during early childhood following initial shunt placement. Methods: All subjects were recruited from the Johns Hopkins Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia Clinic between January 2008 and November 2016. A review of demographic and clinical information was undertaken and a respiratory outcomes questionnaire was completed by the primary caregiver. Results: Fifty-five (8.9%) of 623 subjects in the study population had ventricular shunts, with a mean 4.6 ± 2.3 years of follow-up data (range: 0.5-10.1). Subjects with VS were more likely to be born at earlier gestational ages and be discharged on supplemental oxygen compared to BPD subjects alone. Outpatient respiratory symptoms and acute care usage were similar between the two groups. BPD subjects with VS were more likely to have had gastric tubes placed. A total of 270 neurosurgical procedures were performed in subjects with VS with a mean of 4.9 ± 5.4 procedures/subject. Conclusion: Children with ventricular shunts and BPD had similar outpatient respiratory outcomes compared to children with BPD alone; however respiratory morbidities may have been mitigated by the greater use of gastric tubes in the VS + BPD group. Multiple neurosurgical procedures were common in children with ventricular shunts.
- bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD)
- intraventricular hemorrhage
- respiratory outcomes
- ventricular shunts
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine