RNA editing in kinetoplastids, the specific insertion and deletion of U residues, requires endonuclease cleavage of the pre-mRNA at each cycle of insertion/deletion. We have resolved three endoribonuclease activities from Trypanosoma brucei mitochondrial extracts that cleave CYb pre-mRNA specifically. One of these, which sediments at ~20S and is not affected substantially by DTT, has all the features of the editing endonuclease. It cleaves CYb pre-edited or partially edited mRNA only when annealed to the anchor region of a cognate guide RNA (gRNA), and it cleaves accurately just 5' of the duplex region. Its specificity is for the 5' end of extended duplex RNA regions, and this prevents cleavage of the gRNA or other positions in the mRNA. This gRNA-directed nuclease is evidently the same activity that functions in A6 pre-mRNA editing. However, it is distinct and separable from a previously observed DTT-requiring endonuclease that sediments similarly under certain conditions, but does not cleave precisely at the first editing site in either the presence or absence of a gRNA. The editing nuclease Is also distinct from a DTT-inhibited endonuclease that cleaves numerous free pre-mRNAs at a common structure in the region of the first editing site.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||12|
|State||Published - Mar 1 1997|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology