Resolution of crossing fibers with constrained compressed sensing using traditional diffusion tensor MRI

Bennett A. Landman, Hanlin Wan, John A. Bogovic, Pierre Louis Bazin, Jerry L. Prince

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) is widely used to characterize tissue micro-architecture and brain connectivity. Yet DTI suffers serious limitations in regions of crossing fibers because traditional tensor techniques cannot represent multiple, independent intra-voxel orientations. Compressed sensing has been proposed to resolve crossing fibers using a tensor mixture model (e.g., Crossing Fiber Angular Resolution of Intra-voxel structure, CFARI). Although similar in spirit to deconvolution approaches, CFARI uses sparsity to stabilize estimation with limited data rather than spatial consistency or limited model order. Here, we extend the CFARI approach to resolve crossing fibers through a strictly positive, parsimonious mixture model. Together with an optimized preconditioned conjugate gradient solver, estimation error and computational burden are greatly reduced over the initial presentation. Reliable estimates of intra-voxel orientations are demonstrated in simulation and in vivo using data representative of typical, low b-value (30 directions, 700 s/mm2) clinical DTI protocols. These sequences are achievable in 5 minutes at 3 T, and the whole brain CFARI analysis is tractable for routine analysis. With these improvements, CFARI provides a robust framework for identifying intra-voxel structure with conventional DTI protocols and shows great promise in helping to resolve the crossing fiber problem in current clinical imaging studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMedical Imaging 2010
Subtitle of host publicationImage Processing
EditionPART 1
StatePublished - 2010
EventMedical Imaging 2010: Image Processing - San Diego, CA, United States
Duration: Feb 14 2010Feb 16 2010

Publication series

NameProgress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE
NumberPART 1
ISSN (Print)1605-7422


OtherMedical Imaging 2010: Image Processing
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Diego, CA


  • DTI
  • Diffusion weighted imaging
  • compressed sensing
  • crossing fibers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Biomaterials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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