Resident physician burnout: Is there hope?

Laura W. McCray, Peter F. Cronholm, Hillary R. Bogner, Joseph J Gallo, Richard A. Neill

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Prevalent among resident physicians, burnout has been associated with absenteeism, low job satisfaction, and medical errors. Little is known about the number and quality of interventions used to combat burnout. Methods: We performed a systematic review of the literature using MEDLINE and PubMed databases. We included English-language articles published between 1966 and 2007 identified using combinations of the following medical subject heading terms: burnout, intervention studies, program evaluation, internship and residency, graduate medical education, medical student, health personnel, physician, resident physician, resident work hours, and work hour limitations. Additional articles were also identified from the reference lists of manuscripts. The quality of research was graded with the Strength of Evidence Taxonomy (SORT) from highest (level A) to lowest (level C). Results: Out of 190 identified articles, 129 were reviewed. Nine studies met inclusion criteria, only two of which were randomized, controlled trials. Interventions included workshops, a resident assistance program, a self-care intervention, support groups, didactic sessions, or stress-management/coping training either alone or in various combinations. None of the studied interventions achieved an A-level SORT rating. Conclusions: Despite the potentially serious personal and professional consequences of burnout, few interventions exist to combat this problem. Prospective, controlled studies are needed to examine the effect of interventions to manage burnout among resident physicians.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)626-632
Number of pages7
JournalFamily Medicine
Volume40
Issue number9
StatePublished - Oct 2008
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Hope
Physicians
Professional Burnout
Medical Subject Headings
Graduate Medical Education
Medical Errors
Absenteeism
Manuscripts
Job Satisfaction
Self-Help Groups
Program Evaluation
Internship and Residency
Self Care
Medical Students
PubMed
MEDLINE
Health Personnel
Language
Randomized Controlled Trials
Databases

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Family Practice

Cite this

McCray, L. W., Cronholm, P. F., Bogner, H. R., Gallo, J. J., & Neill, R. A. (2008). Resident physician burnout: Is there hope? Family Medicine, 40(9), 626-632.

Resident physician burnout : Is there hope? / McCray, Laura W.; Cronholm, Peter F.; Bogner, Hillary R.; Gallo, Joseph J; Neill, Richard A.

In: Family Medicine, Vol. 40, No. 9, 10.2008, p. 626-632.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

McCray, LW, Cronholm, PF, Bogner, HR, Gallo, JJ & Neill, RA 2008, 'Resident physician burnout: Is there hope?', Family Medicine, vol. 40, no. 9, pp. 626-632.
McCray LW, Cronholm PF, Bogner HR, Gallo JJ, Neill RA. Resident physician burnout: Is there hope? Family Medicine. 2008 Oct;40(9):626-632.
McCray, Laura W. ; Cronholm, Peter F. ; Bogner, Hillary R. ; Gallo, Joseph J ; Neill, Richard A. / Resident physician burnout : Is there hope?. In: Family Medicine. 2008 ; Vol. 40, No. 9. pp. 626-632.
@article{753dc939f7ed4324a01ba252b3a7ad97,
title = "Resident physician burnout: Is there hope?",
abstract = "Background: Prevalent among resident physicians, burnout has been associated with absenteeism, low job satisfaction, and medical errors. Little is known about the number and quality of interventions used to combat burnout. Methods: We performed a systematic review of the literature using MEDLINE and PubMed databases. We included English-language articles published between 1966 and 2007 identified using combinations of the following medical subject heading terms: burnout, intervention studies, program evaluation, internship and residency, graduate medical education, medical student, health personnel, physician, resident physician, resident work hours, and work hour limitations. Additional articles were also identified from the reference lists of manuscripts. The quality of research was graded with the Strength of Evidence Taxonomy (SORT) from highest (level A) to lowest (level C). Results: Out of 190 identified articles, 129 were reviewed. Nine studies met inclusion criteria, only two of which were randomized, controlled trials. Interventions included workshops, a resident assistance program, a self-care intervention, support groups, didactic sessions, or stress-management/coping training either alone or in various combinations. None of the studied interventions achieved an A-level SORT rating. Conclusions: Despite the potentially serious personal and professional consequences of burnout, few interventions exist to combat this problem. Prospective, controlled studies are needed to examine the effect of interventions to manage burnout among resident physicians.",
author = "McCray, {Laura W.} and Cronholm, {Peter F.} and Bogner, {Hillary R.} and Gallo, {Joseph J} and Neill, {Richard A.}",
year = "2008",
month = "10",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "40",
pages = "626--632",
journal = "Family Medicine",
issn = "0742-3225",
publisher = "Society of Teachers of Family Medicine",
number = "9",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Resident physician burnout

T2 - Is there hope?

AU - McCray, Laura W.

AU - Cronholm, Peter F.

AU - Bogner, Hillary R.

AU - Gallo, Joseph J

AU - Neill, Richard A.

PY - 2008/10

Y1 - 2008/10

N2 - Background: Prevalent among resident physicians, burnout has been associated with absenteeism, low job satisfaction, and medical errors. Little is known about the number and quality of interventions used to combat burnout. Methods: We performed a systematic review of the literature using MEDLINE and PubMed databases. We included English-language articles published between 1966 and 2007 identified using combinations of the following medical subject heading terms: burnout, intervention studies, program evaluation, internship and residency, graduate medical education, medical student, health personnel, physician, resident physician, resident work hours, and work hour limitations. Additional articles were also identified from the reference lists of manuscripts. The quality of research was graded with the Strength of Evidence Taxonomy (SORT) from highest (level A) to lowest (level C). Results: Out of 190 identified articles, 129 were reviewed. Nine studies met inclusion criteria, only two of which were randomized, controlled trials. Interventions included workshops, a resident assistance program, a self-care intervention, support groups, didactic sessions, or stress-management/coping training either alone or in various combinations. None of the studied interventions achieved an A-level SORT rating. Conclusions: Despite the potentially serious personal and professional consequences of burnout, few interventions exist to combat this problem. Prospective, controlled studies are needed to examine the effect of interventions to manage burnout among resident physicians.

AB - Background: Prevalent among resident physicians, burnout has been associated with absenteeism, low job satisfaction, and medical errors. Little is known about the number and quality of interventions used to combat burnout. Methods: We performed a systematic review of the literature using MEDLINE and PubMed databases. We included English-language articles published between 1966 and 2007 identified using combinations of the following medical subject heading terms: burnout, intervention studies, program evaluation, internship and residency, graduate medical education, medical student, health personnel, physician, resident physician, resident work hours, and work hour limitations. Additional articles were also identified from the reference lists of manuscripts. The quality of research was graded with the Strength of Evidence Taxonomy (SORT) from highest (level A) to lowest (level C). Results: Out of 190 identified articles, 129 were reviewed. Nine studies met inclusion criteria, only two of which were randomized, controlled trials. Interventions included workshops, a resident assistance program, a self-care intervention, support groups, didactic sessions, or stress-management/coping training either alone or in various combinations. None of the studied interventions achieved an A-level SORT rating. Conclusions: Despite the potentially serious personal and professional consequences of burnout, few interventions exist to combat this problem. Prospective, controlled studies are needed to examine the effect of interventions to manage burnout among resident physicians.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=56049120139&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=56049120139&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 18830837

AN - SCOPUS:56049120139

VL - 40

SP - 626

EP - 632

JO - Family Medicine

JF - Family Medicine

SN - 0742-3225

IS - 9

ER -