Purpose: Resection of solitary metastases from renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is associated with a 5-year survival rate of 35% to 50%. Selection criteria are not well defined. Patients and Methods: We retrospectively analyzed our experience with 278 patients with recurrent RCC from 1980 to 1993. Results: One hundred forty-one of 278 patients underwent a curative metastectomy for their first recurrence (44% 5-year overall survival [OS] rate), 70 patients underwent noncurative surgery (14% 5-year OS rate), and 67 patients were treated nonsurgically (11% 5-year OS rate). Favorable features for survival were a disease-free interval (DFI) greater than 12 months versus 12 months or less (55% v 9% 5-year OS rate; P < .0001), solitary versus multiple sites of metastases (54% v 29% 5-year OS rate; P < .001), and age younger than 60 years (49% v 35% 5-year OS rate; P < .05). Among 94 patients with a solitary metastasis, lung (n = 50; 54% 5-year OS rate) was more favorable than brain (n = 11; 18% 5-year OS rate; P < .05). Survival rates after curative resection of second and third metastases were not different compared with initial metastectomy (46% and 44%, respectively, v 43% 5-year OS rates; P = nonsignificant). Favorable predictors of survival by multivariate analysis included a single site of first recurrence, curative resection of first metastasis, a long DFI, a solitary site of first metastasis, and a metachronous presentation with recurrence. Conclusion: Selected patients with recurrent RCC who can undergo a curative resection of their disease have a good opportunity for long-term survival, particularly those with a single site of recurrence and/or a long DFI.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research