Resection of Carotid Body Tumors in Patients of Advanced Age: Experience From a Single Center

Lifeng Li, Hongbo Xu, Jing Zhou, Wojciech K. Mydlarz, Zhengya Yu, Xiaohong Chen, Nyall R. London

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Resection of carotid body tumor (CBT) in patients of advanced ages has not been appreciated. Objectives: This study aims to assess the clinical characteristics and perioperative comorbidities for CBT resection in patients of advanced age and to validate the application of an “isolated island” technique for extirpation of CBT. Methods: Eight patients of advanced age (≥60 years) who underwent CBT resection were enrolled as the study group (SG). Another 29 patients of younger age (<45 years old) underwent CBT extirpation were assigned as the control group (CG). The perioperative issues were compared between these 2 groups. Results: The “isolated island” technique was successfully applied for resection of CBT in all 37 patients. The prevalence of Shamblin classification I, II, and III tumors in the SG was 12.5%, 62.5%, and 25%; whereas in the CG was 10.3%, 55.2%, and 34.5%, respectively. Bilateral CBT was observed in 7 patients of the CG and none in the SG. Vascular reconstruction was required for 1 (12.5%) patient in the SG, while it was required for 8 (27.6%) patients in the CG. Postoperative vocal cord palsy occurred in 37.5% of patients in SG, whereas the vocal cord palsy (34.5%) and dysphagia (6.9%) were commonly encountered in CG. In addition to postoperative length of stay (P =.004), no significant difference for operative time, intraoperative blood loss, or mortality were observed between these 2 groups (P >.05). Conclusion: Extirpation of CBT in patients of advanced age is rationale in appropriately selected patients. The “isolated island” technique is safe for CBT resection with seemingly low complication rates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalEar, Nose and Throat Journal
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • advanced age
  • carotid body tumor
  • isolated island technique
  • neck mass
  • resection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

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