Reproductive risk factors for endometrial cancer among Polish women

L. A. Brinton, L. C. Sakoda, J. Lissowska, M. E. Sherman, N. Chatterjee, B. Peplonska, N. Szeszenia-Dabrowska, W. Zatonski, M. Garcia-Closas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We conducted a population-based case-control study of reproductive factors in Warsaw and Lódź, Poland, in 551 incident endometrial cancer cases and 1925 controls. The reproductive variable most strongly related to risk was multiparity, with subjects with three or more births having a 70% lower risk than the nulliparous women. The reduced risk was particularly strong below 55 years of age. Subjects with older ages at a first birth were also at reduced risk even after adjustment for number of births. Ages at last birth or intervals since last birth were not strongly related to risk. Spontaneous abortions were unrelated to risk, but induced abortions were associated with slight risk increases (odds ratios=1.28, 95% confidence intervals 0.8-2.1 for 3 + vs no abortions). The absence of effects on risk of later ages at, or short intervals since, a last birth fails to support the view that endometrial cancer is influenced by mechanical clearance of initiated cells. Alternative explanations for reproductive effects should be sought, including alterations in endogenous hormones.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1450-1456
Number of pages7
JournalBritish journal of cancer
Issue number9
StatePublished - May 7 2007
Externally publishedYes


  • Abortion
  • Breastfeeding
  • Endometrial cancer
  • Reproduction
  • Risk

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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