Reproductive hormones in aging men. II. Basal pituitary gonadotropins and gonadotropin responses to luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone

S. M. Harman, P. D. Tsitouras, Paul Costa, Marc R. Blackman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Although basal serum LH and FSH levels have been shown to increase with age in men, there is evidence that aging may impair pituitary gonadotropin secretion to some extent. We have measured serum LH and FSH before and after the iv injection of 100 μg LRH in 69 healthy men, divided into 3 age groups: A (25-49 yr; n = 24), B (50-69 yr; n = 23), and C (70-89 yr; n = 22). We have previously demonstrated these men to have unaltered serum androgens and estrogens over the entire age range. Only log-transformed measures were analyzed in order to equalize variance among groups. Because we found increasing age to be associated with significant rises in basal levels of LH and FSH, and because the basal level affects the magnitude of response, we used repeated measures analysis of variance to compare LRH peak responses with basal gonadotropin levels. The presence of a significant interaction term would indicate an effect of age on response beyond that expected from the effect of basal level alone. The mean LRH responses (log peak - log basal) decreased, with significant interaction terms for both LH (P = 0.001) and FSH (P <0.0001) responses. This means that the function relating basal to peak gonadotropin concentrations changed significantly with age. Peak LH response in the youngest group (A) occurred equally as often 15 and 30 min after LRH injection, but in the oldest group (C) there were no 15 min peaks, and 40% of the peak values occurred at 60 min (P <0.01). FSH peaks were equally distributed at 30, 60, and 120 min in all 3 groups. Total testicular volumes did not decrease significantly with age. We conclude that there is a small but statistically significant tendency for LH and FSH responses to LRH to be both diminished and delayed in healthy aging men. The mechanisms responsible for this apparent pituitary gonadotropic hypofunction remain to be clarified.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)547-551
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume54
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1982

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Pituitary Gonadotropins
Gonadotropins
Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone
Aging of materials
Hormones
Analysis of variance (ANOVA)
Androgens
Estrogens
Serum
Injections
Analysis of Variance
Age Groups

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Cite this

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title = "Reproductive hormones in aging men. II. Basal pituitary gonadotropins and gonadotropin responses to luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone",
abstract = "Although basal serum LH and FSH levels have been shown to increase with age in men, there is evidence that aging may impair pituitary gonadotropin secretion to some extent. We have measured serum LH and FSH before and after the iv injection of 100 μg LRH in 69 healthy men, divided into 3 age groups: A (25-49 yr; n = 24), B (50-69 yr; n = 23), and C (70-89 yr; n = 22). We have previously demonstrated these men to have unaltered serum androgens and estrogens over the entire age range. Only log-transformed measures were analyzed in order to equalize variance among groups. Because we found increasing age to be associated with significant rises in basal levels of LH and FSH, and because the basal level affects the magnitude of response, we used repeated measures analysis of variance to compare LRH peak responses with basal gonadotropin levels. The presence of a significant interaction term would indicate an effect of age on response beyond that expected from the effect of basal level alone. The mean LRH responses (log peak - log basal) decreased, with significant interaction terms for both LH (P = 0.001) and FSH (P <0.0001) responses. This means that the function relating basal to peak gonadotropin concentrations changed significantly with age. Peak LH response in the youngest group (A) occurred equally as often 15 and 30 min after LRH injection, but in the oldest group (C) there were no 15 min peaks, and 40{\%} of the peak values occurred at 60 min (P <0.01). FSH peaks were equally distributed at 30, 60, and 120 min in all 3 groups. Total testicular volumes did not decrease significantly with age. We conclude that there is a small but statistically significant tendency for LH and FSH responses to LRH to be both diminished and delayed in healthy aging men. The mechanisms responsible for this apparent pituitary gonadotropic hypofunction remain to be clarified.",
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T1 - Reproductive hormones in aging men. II. Basal pituitary gonadotropins and gonadotropin responses to luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone

AU - Harman, S. M.

AU - Tsitouras, P. D.

AU - Costa, Paul

AU - Blackman, Marc R.

PY - 1982

Y1 - 1982

N2 - Although basal serum LH and FSH levels have been shown to increase with age in men, there is evidence that aging may impair pituitary gonadotropin secretion to some extent. We have measured serum LH and FSH before and after the iv injection of 100 μg LRH in 69 healthy men, divided into 3 age groups: A (25-49 yr; n = 24), B (50-69 yr; n = 23), and C (70-89 yr; n = 22). We have previously demonstrated these men to have unaltered serum androgens and estrogens over the entire age range. Only log-transformed measures were analyzed in order to equalize variance among groups. Because we found increasing age to be associated with significant rises in basal levels of LH and FSH, and because the basal level affects the magnitude of response, we used repeated measures analysis of variance to compare LRH peak responses with basal gonadotropin levels. The presence of a significant interaction term would indicate an effect of age on response beyond that expected from the effect of basal level alone. The mean LRH responses (log peak - log basal) decreased, with significant interaction terms for both LH (P = 0.001) and FSH (P <0.0001) responses. This means that the function relating basal to peak gonadotropin concentrations changed significantly with age. Peak LH response in the youngest group (A) occurred equally as often 15 and 30 min after LRH injection, but in the oldest group (C) there were no 15 min peaks, and 40% of the peak values occurred at 60 min (P <0.01). FSH peaks were equally distributed at 30, 60, and 120 min in all 3 groups. Total testicular volumes did not decrease significantly with age. We conclude that there is a small but statistically significant tendency for LH and FSH responses to LRH to be both diminished and delayed in healthy aging men. The mechanisms responsible for this apparent pituitary gonadotropic hypofunction remain to be clarified.

AB - Although basal serum LH and FSH levels have been shown to increase with age in men, there is evidence that aging may impair pituitary gonadotropin secretion to some extent. We have measured serum LH and FSH before and after the iv injection of 100 μg LRH in 69 healthy men, divided into 3 age groups: A (25-49 yr; n = 24), B (50-69 yr; n = 23), and C (70-89 yr; n = 22). We have previously demonstrated these men to have unaltered serum androgens and estrogens over the entire age range. Only log-transformed measures were analyzed in order to equalize variance among groups. Because we found increasing age to be associated with significant rises in basal levels of LH and FSH, and because the basal level affects the magnitude of response, we used repeated measures analysis of variance to compare LRH peak responses with basal gonadotropin levels. The presence of a significant interaction term would indicate an effect of age on response beyond that expected from the effect of basal level alone. The mean LRH responses (log peak - log basal) decreased, with significant interaction terms for both LH (P = 0.001) and FSH (P <0.0001) responses. This means that the function relating basal to peak gonadotropin concentrations changed significantly with age. Peak LH response in the youngest group (A) occurred equally as often 15 and 30 min after LRH injection, but in the oldest group (C) there were no 15 min peaks, and 40% of the peak values occurred at 60 min (P <0.01). FSH peaks were equally distributed at 30, 60, and 120 min in all 3 groups. Total testicular volumes did not decrease significantly with age. We conclude that there is a small but statistically significant tendency for LH and FSH responses to LRH to be both diminished and delayed in healthy aging men. The mechanisms responsible for this apparent pituitary gonadotropic hypofunction remain to be clarified.

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