BACKGROUND: Identifying which categories in the World Health Organization classification of endometrial hyperplasia contribute to suboptimal reproducibility is clinically important. METHODS: A 2-member panel reviewed 209 endometrial biopsy/curettage specimens originally diagnosed as incident endometrial hyperplasia as part of a progression study. Original diagnoses included the following: disordered proliferative endometrium, simple hyperplasia, complex hyperplasia, and atypical hyperplasia; panel diagnoses also included negative and carcinoma. We assessed percentage agreement and kappa statistics±standard errors (K±SE). RESULTS: Original and panel diagnoses (combining negative with disordered proliferative endometrium; atypical hyperplasia with carcinoma) agreed for 34.9% of biopsies (K-unweighted±SE=0.18±0.03; K-weighted±SE=0.27±0.04) . Panelists' diagnoses agreed (using 6 categories) for 51.7% of biopsies, corresponding to K-unweighted±SE=0.37±0.03, improving with weighting to K-weighted±SE=0.63±0.05. Reproducibility based on a 2-tier classification ([negative, disordered proliferative endometrium, simple hyperplasia, or complex hyperplasia] versus [atypical hyperplasia or carcinoma]) increased agreement between original and panel diagnoses to 82.8%, K-unweighted±SE=0.37±0.06, and between panelists to 87.0%, K-unweighted±SE=0.63±0.07. Agreement between panelists at a cutpoint of complex hyperplasia and more severe versus simple hyperplasia or less severe was 88.0%, K-unweighted±SE=0.72±0.07. CONCLUSIONS: Developing and prospectively testing a binary system of classifying endometrial hyperplasia on endometrial biopsy may aid efforts to improve interobserver reproducibility.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Obstetrics and Gynecology