Representation and transformation of uncertainty in an evidence theory framework

John W. Betz, Jerry L. Prince, Martin G. Bello

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

Interpreting uncertain information, a fundamental requirement of many computer-vision and pattern recognition systems is commonly supported by models of the uncertainty. Evidence theory, also called Dempster-Shafer theory, is particularly useful for representing and combining uncertain information when a single precise uncertainty model is unavailable. A framework is presented for deriving and transforming evidence-theoretic belief representations of uncertain variables that denote numerical quantities. Belief is derived from probabilistic models using relationships between probability bounds and the support and plausibility functions used in evidence theory. This model-based approach to belief representation is illustrated by an algorithm currently used in a vision system to label anomalous high-intensity pixels in imagery. As the uncertain variables are manipulated to form features and object discriminants, the belief representation of the uncertain variables must be transformed accordingly. Belief transformations, analogous to the transformation of probability-density functions in mappings of random variables, are derived to maintain the same rigorous belief representation for computed quantities. The results demonstrate novel ways to address uncertainty in the use of sensor information, and contribute to understanding of the similarities and distinctions of probability theory and evidence theory.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages646-652
Number of pages7
StatePublished - Dec 1 1989
Externally publishedYes
EventProceedings: IEEE Computer Society Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition - Rosemont, IL, USA
Duration: Jun 6 1989Jun 9 1989

Other

OtherProceedings: IEEE Computer Society Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
CityRosemont, IL, USA
Period6/6/896/9/89

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

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    Betz, J. W., Prince, J. L., & Bello, M. G. (1989). Representation and transformation of uncertainty in an evidence theory framework. 646-652. Paper presented at Proceedings: IEEE Computer Society Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, Rosemont, IL, USA, .